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CHAPTER 1:Word PartsAlgia- pain, sufferingDys-bad, difficult, or painfulEctomy-surgical removal, cutting outHyper-excessive, increasedHypo-deficient, decreasedItis-inflammationOsis-abnormal condition, diseaseOstomy-the surgical creation of an artificial opening to the body surfaceOtomy- cutting, surgical incisionPlasty-surgical repairRrhage-bleeding, abnormal excessive fluid dischargeRrhaphy-surgical suturingRrhea-flow, dischargeRrhexis-ruptureSclerosis-abnormal hardeningMedical Termsabdominocentesis(ab-dom-ih-noh-sen-TEE-sis)acronym(ACK-roh-nim)- a word formed from the initial letter of the major parts of a compound term. (laser stands for light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation)acute- this type of condition has a rapid onset, a severe course, and a relatively short durationangiography(an-jee-OG-rah-fee)- the process of producing a radiographic study of bloodvessels after the injection of a contrast medium to make these blood vessels visibleappendectomy(ap-en-DECK-toh-mee)- the surgical removal of the appendixarteriosclerosis(ar-tee-ree-oh-skleh-ROH-sis)- the abnormal hardening of the walls of anartery or arteriesarthralgia (ar-THRAL-jee-ah)- pain in a joint or jointscolostomy(koh-LAHS-toh-mee)- the surgical creation of an artificial excretory opening between the colon and the body surfacecyanosis (sigh-ah-NOH-sis)dermatologist(der-mah-TOL-oh-jist)- a physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating disorders of the skindiagnosis(dye-ag-NOH-sis)- the identification of a disease. diarrhea(dye-ah-REE-ah)- the frequent flow of loose or watery stools edema(eh-DEE-mah)- swelling caused by an abnormal accumulation of fluid in cells, tissues, or cavities of the bodyendarterial (end-ar-TEE-ree-al)- pertaining to the interior or lining of an artery
eponym(EP-oh-nim)- a disease, structures, operation, or procedure named for the person who discovered or described it first. erythrocyte(eh-RITH-roh-sight)- a mature red blood cellfissure(FISH-ur)- a groove or crack-like sore of the skin; also describes normal fold in the contours of the brainfistula (FIS-chuh-lah)- abnormal passage, usually between two internal organs or leadingfrom an organ to the surface of the bodygastralgia(gas-TRAL-jee-ah)- stomachache; pain in the stomach gastritis (gas-TRY-tis)- inflammation of the stomach gastroenteritis (gas-troh-en-ter-EYE-tis)- an inflammation of the stomach and small intestinegastrosis(gas-TROH-sis)- any disease of the stomachhemorrhage(HEM-or-idj)- the loss of a large amount of blood in a short time hepatomegaly(hep-ah-toh-MEG-ah-lee)- abnormal enlargement of the liverhypertension(high-per-TEN-shun)- higher than normal blood pressurehypotension(high-poh-TEN-shun)- lower than normal blood pressureinfection(in-FECK-shun)- the invasion of the body by a pathogenic organism. The infection can remain localized or can systemic.