exam3.pdf - Kristen A Quiggle Anthropology 316 Exam 3 1 The women of Bom Jesus were a product of their environment They had many children due to

exam3.pdf - Kristen A Quiggle Anthropology 316 Exam 3 1 The...

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Kristen A. Quiggle Anthropology 316 Exam 3 April 14, 2019 1. The women of Bom Jesus were a product of their environment. They had many children due to religious, economic, and cultural reasons. Bom Jesus, stricken with poverty, has a very high fertility rate and a very high infant mortality rate (Scheper-Hughes, 273). In Catholic Bom Jesus, Brazil, women had a duty to “cooperate with God and nature;” it was a woman’s duty to procreate (Scherper-Hughes, 337). 85% of the population of Brazil considers itself Catholic (Scherper-Hughes, 330). Therefore, Catholic “morality” guided the reproductive choices of the Bom Jesus women. They were to uphold Catholicism’s strict rules against abortion and birth control (Scherper-Hughes, 333). They were to have the ideal family size of three to four children. In a response to infant mortality, they became pregnant again and again, replacing their lost child(ren) (Scherper-Hughes, 331). Due to poverty, women were often pregnant ten to eleven times in an effort to achieve the “ideal” Catholic family (Scherper-Hughes, 330-331). Women in Bom Jesus did not have access to adequate health care or family planning (Scheper-Hughes, 281). Medical services were expensive and beyond the reach of a woman who couldn’t afford to feed herself or her children (Scherper-Hughes, 336-337). Birth control was considered dangerous and a cultural taboo. Much of the population believed that birth control pills would cause cancer, swelling, headaches, nausea, and extreme nervousness (Scherper-Hughes, 333). Condoms were only worn by men when frequenting a prostitute, not when engaging in sex with their wives. Diaphragms were not known or available in stores
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