Lesson 2.docx - Chapter 1 Why Study Propaganda(Reading One...

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Chapter 1: Why Study Propaganda? (Reading)One reason for studying propaganda is to try to avoid being led into war unnecessarilythought that with the arrival of the Internet the heyday of propaganda is over.oBut, not everyone can afford to make full use of the resources offered by the Internet. oSome lack the computer hardware, others cannot afford the monthly fee charged by a service provider. oThose who are online may lack the time or the specialized knowledge to know or find out who is telling the truth aboutDefinitionEarly usage of “propaganda” referred to the committee itself rather than to its activity. oLater it came to be applied to the activity of spreading either faith or political doctrinesWebster Dictionary definition: “dissemination of ideas, information or rumor for the purpose of helping or injuring an institution, a cause or a person.”Kinds of Definitions Stipulative definitions:omay be good or bad, advisable or inadvisable, helpful or confusing.oThey may also be deliberately used for the purpose of confusing people and for furthering propaganda aims.Hegemonic Definition:owhen the State, through legislation and interpretation in its courts, defines words such as “terrorism” in ways that suit its political and military purposes rather than following consistently any reasonably acceptable understanding of the term,oor defines “torture” (when referring to its own practices) narrowly, with a view to avoiding the perception that it is in violation of international law.oRational reconstruction is a name given to this type of definitionPersuasive Definitionoit involves taking a word with a high emotive content and altering its descriptive content “usually by giving it greater precision within the boundaries of its customary vagueness” but without making “any substantial change to the term’s emotive meaning.” oThis definition is used, consciously or unconsciously, “to secure, by this interplay between emotive and descriptive meaning, a redirection of people’s attitudes.”

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