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Running head: OPTION #1: UNITING THE NATION: ECONOMIC GROWTH1Option 1: Uniting the Nation: Economic GrowthTani ChladekHST 201 – U.S. History IColorado State University – Global CampusDr. Jahue Anderson12/15/2018
UNITING THE NATION: ECONOMIC GROWTH 2IntroductionAfter the war of 1812 was won and America was welcomed back into the European market, the young nation began to flourish. The country expanded into new territories with rich land and new resources to cash in on, with the most important being cotton. The creation of new machinery, such as the cotton gin, helped to reduce labor time for the cultivation of the crops leading to agricultural surplus and the production of mass goods. With the mass production of goods came the need for better transportation and communication so that the products could get to the buyers both nationally and internationally in a more timely and efficient manner. Better roads, intricate canals, steamboats, ocean clippers, railroads, a more efficient postal system and the telegraph system would help to get these goods to the buyers all over the world and boost the economy in America. This was a great time for economic growth and prosperity in America, and it was these changes in agriculture, transportation and communication that helped America become an economic force.During the early 19thcentury the population was booming and the people of the country were hungry for success and opportunity. As cities grew and people migrated west into new, rich lands, opportunities for business were endless. The most successful business of the time was the cotton business in the South. After Eli Whitney’s invention of the cotton gin, a tool that made cultivating the crop easier, cotton plantations began to spring up in the new territories of Louisiana and Mississippi whose weather and soil conditions were ideal to grow the crop. The cotton gin helped to dramatically increase the production of cotton and other inventions of the Industrial Revolution such as the super loom and the introduction of the textile mill and their machinery and labor helped to turn it into cloth. New advancements in transportation, canals, better roads, the steamboat, and the ocean clipper, would then help to transport it all over the country and around the world. By the middle of the century, three-quarters of all of the cotton in
UNITING THE NATION: ECONOMIC GROWTH 3the world was being grown in America and the south was providing three-fifths of America’s exports, most of which was cotton (Schur, 2016) one of the biggest reason for this boom in the economy.Before the 19thcentury, travel in the U.S. was very slow, expensive, and uncomfortable (Ti & Shindall, 2016). As the need to transport goods became greater and the people moving westward expressed the desire for better roads and more efficient transportation, Congress began on the construction of a national road. The roads helped reduce the cost of transportation, opened