SCI 106 Appendicular OK

SCI 106 Appendicular OK - Ilium Ischium Pubis 16A1 Right...

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Appendicular Skeleton
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15A
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Appendicular Skeleton Pectoral Girdle – attaches upper limbs Pelvic Girdle – secures lower limbs Limbs – arm, forearm, hand – thigh, leg, foot
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Pectoral Girdle Clavicle: anterior brace, larger & stronger in body builders Scapula: triangular shovel attached only by muscles
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Upper Limb Arm = Humerus head fits into scapula anatomical neck: constriction below head surgical neck: frequently fractured
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15D Right Humerus
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Upper Limb Forearm = Antebrachium meets humerus at elbow joint Radius – lateral, on thumb side Ulna – longer than radius
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15E Right Radius and Ulna
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Upper Limb Hand = Manus Wrist bones: carpals (8 short bones) Palm bones: metacarpals (5 long bones) Finger bones: phalanges (14 in 5 digits)
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16A
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Pelvic Girdle Attaches lower limbs to axial skeleton Supports weight of body Consists of two coxal bones (unite at pubic arch) Coxal Bone :
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Unformatted text preview: Ilium Ischium Pubis 16A1 Right Hipbone 16A2 Lateral View of Hipbone 16B Female Pelvis Lower Limb Thicker and stronger bones Bear weight Three segments: thigh, leg and foot Lower Limb Thigh = Femur largest, longest and strongest bone surrounded by bulk muscle articulates with hip Pelvic Girdle 17A Right Femur Anterior / Posterior View Lower Limb Kneecap = Patella sesamoid bone inserted in tendon guards knee joint Leg 2 parallel bones Shine bone = Tibia after femur its the largest and strongest Fibula does not bear weight 17B Right Tibia, Fibula and Patella Lower Limb Foot supports body weight acts as a lever to propel body forward Tarsals (7) heel bone = Calcaneus Achilles tendon attaches to calcaneus Metatarsals (5) Phalanges (14) toe bones 18A Right Foot...
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SCI 106 Appendicular OK - Ilium Ischium Pubis 16A1 Right...

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