Military-Ocean-Terminal-Aff-7WK.docx - 1AC Plan Text The...

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1AC Plan Text The United States federal government should substantially increase funding for transportation infrastructure for the Defense Transportation System in and around its military ocean terminals.
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1AC Solvency Military Ocean Terminal usage is ramping up now – uncertain funding will hamstring ammunition transports Keating and Sommerhauser 12 (Edward G. Keating, professor at the Pardee RAND Graduate School, senior economist specializing in defense economics issues, PhD, economic analysis, Stanford University, Daniel Sommerhauser, Statistical Project Associate in the Statistical Research and Consulting Group, RAND, MA, statistics, University of Missouri, “Funding Ammunition Ports,” RAND, Technical Report, Arroyo Center, 2012, Ammunition port workload is calibrated using both Net Explosive Weight (NEW) and “measurement tons.” NEW is a stock concept—how much ammunition can be safely located at a port at a point in time. Measurement tons is a flow concept—how much ammunition a port handles over a period of time, such as one year. Interestingly, an ammunition measurement ton is not a measure of weight. Instead, it is a measure of volume equal to 40 cubic feet. The NEW of a measurement ton would vary based on how compactly the ammunition is packed and whether the ammunition is heavily encased in metal or is largely explosive material. MOTSU’s current maximum allowable NEW is 44.2 million pounds and MOTCO’s is 18.8 million pounds . This difference is caused by a greater distance at MOTSU between wharves where ammunition-laden ships dock and inhabited areas. As one might expect, given the ports’ mission, personnel at both ports are extremely cognizant of ammunition-handling safety issues and risks. A port can occasionally approach or hit its NEW while, in general, being highly underutilized. Both ports have low overall utilization rates, hosting at most two or three ships per month. But, of course, if a ship carries a sizable amount of ammunition, the port’s NEW may be a binding constraint during the period of the ship’s visit to the port . Figure 2.1 shows total measurement tons of ammunition handled by the two ports annually between fiscal year 2003 (FY03) and FY10. MOTSU has consistently handled more workload than MOTCO has, but MOTCO’s trend is up in recent years. The ratio of MOTSU measurement tons to MOTCO measurement tons has varied widely between 2.3 in FY05 and 22.7 in FY06. The ratio of MOTSU workload to MOTCO workload was 4.7 in FY10. MOTSU’s closer proximity to recent military operations in the Middle East is one reason for the cross-port workload differentials. Along with handling more workload than MOTCO, MOTSU is in considerably better physical condition. With a legacy of years of neglect by the Navy, MOTCO would require hundreds of millions of dollars in maintenance, upgrades, and repairs to approach the current conditions of MOTSU’s cranes, equipment, facilities, railroad track, roads, and wharves. MOTCO leadership has plans for many such upgrades, but future funding levels are, of course, uncertain.
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  • Spring '18
  • Kaitlyn Laczko
  • The American, United States Department of Defense, United States armed forces

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