Chapter 3 Constitution Student Notes (Print THESE).docx - Chapter 3 Constitution Section 1 Reading Focus \u2022 What are the six goals of the Constitution

Chapter 3 Constitution Student Notes (Print THESE).docx -...

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Chapter 3 Constitution Section 1 Reading Focus What are the six goals of the Constitution? What are the six principles of government in the Constitution? What is popular sovereignty? What is limited government? How does the Constitution create a separation of the powers of government? How does the system of checks and balances limit the powers of government? Why is the principle of judicial review so powerful? Why is the principle of federation still a topic of debate? The Framers stated six goals in the Preamble : -form a more perfect union; establish justice; ensure domestic tranquility; provide for the common defense; promote the general welfare; and secure the blessings of liberty Government tasks Raise an army Pay its bills Conduct relations with foreign countries Concerns Some Framers with strong reservations Some completely opposed Worried about strong national government
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Governing after a Revolution The Framers were concerned with government suppressing the liberty of its citizens. British Legacy Framers fought American Revolution to stop British government from infringing on natural rights Were students of political philosophy and history Achievements and failures of past governments well-known Examples Greek city-states Roman Empire European monarchies Constitution of the Iroquois League Decisions with long-lasting consequences—no repeat of past mistakes Dilemma of democratic government Allowing people substantial freedom Controlling worst aspects of human behavior Author of Federalist Paper No. 51 describes dilemma System of law essential Government obliged “to control itself” Locke, “ where there is no law, there is no freedom Laws help maintain order, protect rights, property, and lives Laws must be enforceable, with explicit threat of punishment Power to make laws and punish lawbreakers Must keep government in check Principles of Government in the Constitution Framers’ solution Create governing document Divide, distribute, and balance governmental power Bill of Rights Final check on power Inclusion of Bill of Rights in 1791 Uses of power Government power subject to will of the people Power as voters Restraints Placed specific restraints on power of government Cannot violate basic rights of citizens The Constitution is the Blueprint 4,500 words Constitution blended ideas from the past with uniquely American principles of governing Three main parts Preamble—states broad goals The seven articles—create structure of the U.S. government
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The amendments—27 changes added during the nation’s history Basic principles Structure and language expresses six basic principles Popular sovereignty, Limited government, Separation of powers, Checks and balances, Judicial review, and Federalism Framers believed if federal government reflected and remained true to basic principles, goals of U.S. Constitution could be accomplished.
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