Brit Lit Final Exam 1.Seventeenth-century lyric poetry has often been identified as ‘metaphysical’, in particular with reference to Donne’s songs and sonnets, Herbert’s devotional poems, and Crashaw’s religious epigrams. Explain the similarities and difference in theme, structure, imagery, and subject of these three poets. How might these poems be seen as ‘metaphysical’ or how might this be a misnomer? Metaphysical poetry: stuff beyond the physical. Highly intellectual. Pulling you away from reality and senses in the moment. They used a lot of conceits, which were really elaborate analogies. a term coined by Samuel Johnson, has its roots in 17th-century England. This type of poetry is witty, ingenious, and highly philosophical. It topics included love, life and existence. It used literary elements of similes, metaphors, imagery, paradoxes, conceit, and far-fetched views of reality. Donne, Herbert, and Crashaw are great examples of metaphysical poets. Donne was a major metaphysical poet. uses abrupt openings of poems with a dramatic opening line and presents his ideas in a poem logically and persuasively. He focuses a lot on wit and wittiness within his works. Donne took metaphors from all aspects of life, especially from crafts and sciences. Donne started off writing love poetry but also wrote religious poems, as well. He usually expresses his doubts in intellectual terms and answers them in the same way. An example of Donne’s work is The Flea. This has the dramatic opening line with metaphors of a flea for love. It’s a little outlandish and a love poem. It uses conceit really well. Donne is more complex, dark metaphors Turn to page 1373. Also, Holy Sonnet 14. Comparing relationship with God to sexual dominance. George Herbert’s style is usually deceptively simple and graceful which is in contrast to Donne’s wittiness. But, he did a lot of shape poems and usually expressed a strong sense of assurance about God’s love. He and Donne were quite alike, but Herbert had things that differed from Donne. Herbert presents his ideas logically and he draws his metaphors usually from everyday experiences and uses common imagery. It seems like when Herbert does explore things intellectually, he answers them with emotion. He also didn’t write any love poetry, but devoted his poetic works to God. Herbert more emotional, simple, lighthearted Any quality with Christ, separation of that concept. An example of Herbert’s style is on page 1707. Richard Crashaw was heavily influenced by Counter-Reformation, which went against Protestants. He follows the baroque style which is exuberant, sensuous, elaborate. Crashaw challenges a lot of formal restraints and limitations. Crashaw used poetic devises such as conceit, enjambment, caesuras, paradoxes. He is usually witty in his works, intellectually challenging, he analyzes feelings and emotion and uses direct language and draws religion into his work. Convert to Roman Catholic Church.