American Lit —Final—Final Draft.pdf - Quist 1 Dear Norton...

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Quist 1Dear Norton Editors,Thank you for the opportunity to share my thoughts on authors to include in your thirdanthology. I hope you will find my notes informative and my choices significant. Following isthe list of thirteen authors that I believe embody the development of transcendentalism, as wellas the ideals of Realism, Naturalism, and Modernism in America.Section 1: 1820-18651. Ralph Waldo EmersonA. Ralph Waldo Emerson could be considered the father of Transcendentalism. Whiletraveling in Europe, Emerson met the leading figures of Europe and was exposed to and becameacquainted with German Romanticism. Emerson comes back to America after a year abroad, andcreated out of what was going on around him the American doctrine of Transcendentalism.Emerson stood for independence of self and character and was an optimist to the extreme, whichare all characteristics of the development of transcendentalism. Notable works in which histranscendentalist beliefs can be found are “Nature” and “The Poet.”“Nature”became the Bibleof of Transcendentalism and laid the foundation for the future of it. “The Poet”was a majorinfluence on many of American poets, including—and especially—Walt Whitman.2. Nathaniel HawthorneA. While he was primarily a writer before anything else, Hawthorne embodied thetranscendentalist doctrine of self-reliance and individualism. He tended to complicate ideals andpush the envelope, but he did exemplify many of the transcendentalist beliefs: awareness of thecreative power of nature, breaking away from form and tradition, and emphasis on the individualexperience (Hawthorne hated hypocrisy and inauthenticity.) These such beliefs can be seen innotable works such as “Young Goodman Brown” and “The Scarlett Letter.” In these works,Hawthorne wrote about and realized that beauty comes from under the darkness.3. Edgar Allen PoeA. Though he was not a transcendentalist, Poe was affected by this movement and anotable figure. He was affected in the way that he wanted to be different—maybe even theopposite— from the Transcendentalists. While people like Emerson and Thoreau often looked tonature and God, Poe turned his attention inward. He is notable in that he invented the mysterygenre and was an influential southern writer of the gothic. Notable works from Poe include “The
Quist 2

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