The modern novel 2 - The modern novel 1 1 THE MODERN NOVEL Dr M Fahmy Raiyah 2 2 THE NOVEL DEFINITION The novel is a long fictional prose narrative

The modern novel 2 - The modern novel 1 1 THE MODERN...

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The modern novel 1. 1. THE MODERN NOVEL Dr M. Fahmy Raiyah 2. 2. THE NOVEL DEFINITION The novel is a long fictional prose narrative. The novel is differentiated from the novella and the short story in terms of length. 3. 3. THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE NOVEL Antecedents There are many possible antecedents of the modern novel in world literature (e.g. The Arabian Nights), in Elizabethan prose fiction, and the French heroic romance. Miguel Cervantes’s Don Quixote, published in two volumes, in 1605 and 1615, is considered by many critics as the closest in form to the novel as known in the modern times. 4. 4. Miguel Cervantes (1547-1616) 5. 5. The 18th century The novel, as we know it today, starts in Britain in the 18th century at the hands of such writers as Samuel Richardson, Henry Fielding and Daniel Defoe. Robinson Crusoe (1719), Moll Flanders (1722) by Defoe and Pamela, (I, 1740; II, 1741) by Samuel Richardson, and Joseph Andrews by Henry Fielding are some of the first English novels. 6. 6. Founders of the English Novel Daniel Defoe Samuel Richardson Henry Fielding 7. 7. Daniel Defoe (1660-1731) 8. 8. Samuel Richardson Samuel Richardson (1689- 1761) 9. 9. Henry Fielding (1707-1754) 10. 10. The Romantic Novel During the first half of 19th century, the novel reflected the romantic spirit of the age, which was characterized by the return to nature and which valued the imagination over reason
and emotion over intellect. The Gothic novel was one

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