Indians of the Great PlainsCulture and Conflict:•Tribes of the Great PlainsoSioux or Lakota (Minnesota and Dakotas)oCheyenne and Arapaho (Central Plains- Nebraska/ Kansas)oComanche and Kiowa (Southern Plains- Texas/ Oklahoma)•Buffalo HuntersoPlain’s Culture dependentupon the Horse and the buffalooReligion based on NatureoCommunal use of land- No concept of Private Property•Andrew JacksonoPreviously in 1830s, Federal policy under Andrew JacksonoTrail of tears, Five Civilized Tribes were forced to move toOklahoma or Indian TerritoryoU.S. Government begins establishing small “Reservations”oReservations-“Gave up on large Indian Territory West of theMississippi”oWhite settlers demand landoMining, Transcontinental Railroad = inevitable clash with NativeAmericans, warfare•Chivington’s Massacre (Sand Creek) 1864oGold was discovered on land promised to Black Kettle and hispeopleoColonel John Chivington “Kill and scalp all, big and little”oAu
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US History,Native Americans in the United States,Lakota people,Cheyenne