Module I.pdf - Section-I Systems thinking Systems Thinking is any process of estimating or inferring how local policies actions or changes influences

Module I.pdf - Section-I Systems thinking Systems Thinking...

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1 Section-I Systems thinking: Systems Thinking is any process of estimating or inferring how local policies, actions, or changes influences the state of the neighboring universe. It is an approach to problem solving that views "problems" as parts of an overall system, rather than reacting to present outcomes or events and potentially contributing to further development of the undesired issue or problem. Systems thinking is a framework that is based on the belief that the component parts of a system can best be understood in the context of relationships with each other and with other systems, rather than in isolation. The only way to fully understand why a problem or element occurs and persists is to understand the part in relation to the whole. Standing in contrast to Descartes's scientific reductionism and philosophical analysis , it proposes to view systems in a holistic manner. Consistent with systems philosophy , systems thinking concerns an understanding of a system by examining the linkages and interactions between the elements that compose the entirety of the system. Systems thinking attempts to illustrate that events are separated by distance and time and that small catalytic events can cause large changes in complex systems . Acknowledging that an improvement in one area of a system can adversely affect another area of the system, it promotes organizational communication at all levels in order to avoid the silo effect . Systems thinking techniques may be used to study any kind of system natural , scientific , engineered , human , or conceptual . The concept of a system: Both systems thinkers and futurists consider that: a " system " is a dynamic and complex whole, interacting as a structured functional unit; E nergy , material and information flow among the different elements that compose the system; a system is a community situated within an environment; energy, material and information flow from and to the surrounding environment via semi-permeable membranes or boundaries systems are often composed of entities seeking equilibrium but can exhibit oscillating, chaotic , or exponential behavior. A holistic system is any set (group) of interdependent or temporally interacting parts. Parts are generally systems themselves and are composed of other parts, just as systems are generally parts or holons of other systems. The systems approach: The Systems thinking approach incorporates several tenets:
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