NURS 6521N-30: Advanced Pharmacology WEEK 8 INITIAL POST Drug Treatments for HIV/AIDS Around the world About 36.7, million people are living with HIV, and around 17 million people living with HIV are receiving medications to treat HIV, these are called antiretroviral therapy (ART). (Center for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2017). With the constant advancements in healthcare improvements in HIV/AIDS, treatments help patients live longer with fewer side effects. I will discuss and explain how more advanced drug treatment options for HIV/AIDS can be attributed to increased complacency. How health care professionals can aid in changing perceptions and increase awareness of HIV. Lastly, I will explain educational strategies HIV positive patients can utilize for medication adherence, as well as safe practices to reduce the risk of infecting others. Complacency Related to Drug Advancements As HIV treatment has evolved from a complicated regimen of numerous pills taken several times a day with severe side effects to a now once-daily pill with few side effects, some persons living with HIV may have become complacent about maintaining safer sex and safer injection use practices (CDC, 2017). Persons with HIV who believe that using ART or having a suppressed viral load protects them against transmitting HIV, may be more likely to engage in unprotected sex or other risky behaviors. Some studies have cautioned that the prevention benefits of effective ART would be offset by risk compensation, meaning that increases in risky sexual and injection-drug-use behavior might be observed as effective ART is widely disseminated (CDC, 2017). Through prevention and other effective approaches, these behaviors
might be able to be changed.
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- Summer '15