PADM 501 DB3 .pdf - Discuss the contributions to the “human...

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Discuss the contributions to the “human side of enterprise” as articulated by Elton Mayo,Chester Barnard, Abraham Maslow, and Douglas McGregor. How does this organizationaltheory school of thought differ from the classical and neoclassical schools of thought? In youropinion, which school of thought is most applicable for public and/or nonprofit organizations andwhy?Elton Mayo, Chester Barnard, Douglas McGregor, and Abraham Maslow are four theorists thatcontributed to the “human side of enterprise”. These theorist where are informal, and looked beyondeconomic motivations. They believed that workers had noneconomic needs for motivation andsatisfaction. Formal theories assumed that workers were rational in their actions and motivations in effortsto maximize their economic goals (Milakovich & Gordon, 2013, pg.152). Informal theories consideredoutside motivators for workers other than economic reasons. The first major studies of human relationsapproach was the Hawthorne Studies, also known as the Hawthorne or “halo effect” (Milakovich &Gordon, 2013, pg.153).The Hawthorne Studies were conducted by Elton Mayo and his associates, and study the effectsof worker fatigue on production. Mayo deducted that job-related factors such as motivation andproductivity was not always based on economic reward (Milakovich & Gordon, 2013, pg.154). ChesterBarnard conducted studies on organizational leadership, and how it affected the behavior and generalperformance of the organization. Barnard theory was that leadership could not be exercised by individualsat the top of a hierarchy solely at their discretion (Milakovich & Gordon, 2013, pg.154). Barnard studiesconcentrated on the leader- follower interaction, which applies to the zone of acceptance. The zone ofacceptance is where a follower is willing to be lead and to obey the leader’s command or directives(Milakovich & Gordon, 2013, pg.154).Douglas McGregor yielded that workers could be self-motivated by their own interest in theirwork, their own inclination to perform it (Milakovich & Gordon, 2013, pg.158). McGregor’s Theory Ymodel of organization behavior stresses self-motivation, intrinsic internal job rewards, and participation.McGregor’s Theory X is the opposite of Theory Y, as it explains that behaviors within organizations

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Term
Spring
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Tags
Management, Organizational studies, Chester Barnard, Milakovich Gordon

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