Finalpaperenglish2 - 1 Andrew Sobler English 151C Section 01 Prof Kate Cartwright 23 June 2007 FINAL RESEARCH PAPER VIETNAM WAR The Vietnam War was

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Andrew Sobler English 151C, Section 01 Prof. Kate Cartwright 23 June 2007 FINAL RESEARCH PAPER: VIETNAM WAR The Vietnam War was a harsh reality for many of the soldiers who fought in it on both sides of the conflict. One filled with a new kind of warfare the Americans had never seen before, guerilla warfare. A lot of veterans from the American side of the conflict don’t like to talk about it that much, because this was the first time the U.S. had actually “lost” a war. The U.S. entrance into the war started when newly elected President John F. Kennedy sent military advisers into Vietnam. The objective of these advisers was to try and settle things down and try not to escalate the conflict any further between North and South Vietnam. By the middle of 1962, the number of military advisers in Vietnam had risen from 700 to over 12,000. Meanwhile in the states, some policy makers in the government had come to the conclusion that Ngo Dinh Diem, the leader of South Vietnam, was incapable of defeating the communists, and would try and strike a deal with Ho Chi Minh, the leader of North Vietnam. During the summer of 1963, officials inside the United States began discussing the possibility of a regime change. Although the State department was in favor of this, but the Pentagon and the CIA wanted to try and continue applying pressure for reforms to be made in the South Vietnamese government, but no assassination. Diem’s younger brother, Ngo Dinh Nhu, was in control of the “secret police” in South Vietnam and was suspected as the man to 1
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be behind the start of the Buddhist repression in South Vietnam. Because he was Diem’s most powerful adviser, Nhu became a hated figure throughout South Vietnam, and his continued influence was unacceptable to the Kennedy administration, and eventually even they concluded that Diem was unwilling to change his position, so a coup had been started that called for the assassinations of both Diem and Nhu. After their murders had taken place, South Vietnam had entered a period of extreme political instability, one leader after another replaced each other in rapid succession. Kennedy had increased the amount of U.S. military advisers in Vietnam to over 16,000 in order to deal with the rise of guerrilla activity. The Tet Offensive had been a series of offensives initiated by the Vietcong and the North Vietnamese Army against the Americans and started during the Vietnamese holiday of Tet, which is like New Year’s for them. It is still widely debated today who actually won the Tet Offensive, and the scholarly article entitled, “Tet: Who Won?”, helps to give the impact of the debate four decades after it happened. It began during the celebrations of Tet in 1968 and lasted for about two months, although some sporadic attacks involved with it continued into 1969. The article said something about,
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This note was uploaded on 03/30/2008 for the course ENGL 151C taught by Professor Cartwright during the Fall '07 term at Northampton Community College.

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Finalpaperenglish2 - 1 Andrew Sobler English 151C Section 01 Prof Kate Cartwright 23 June 2007 FINAL RESEARCH PAPER VIETNAM WAR The Vietnam War was

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