final paper.docx - Catalogue for Saint Jerome by Juan...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 11 pages.

Catalogue for Saint Jerome by Juan Martin Cabezalero Saint Jerome 1 , a painting by Juan Martin Cabezalero, was produced in 1666 during the Baroque period. The Baroque period is defined by the artistic style consisting of drama, subdued coloring, tension, opulence, and persistent naturalism. This artistic style emerged in Europe following the Renaissance and the artistic style of its time: Mannerism. The change in artistic styles across the continent, specifically in Spain, can be contributed to the Protestant Reformation and the Catholic Church’s absolute disapproval of it. In an attempt to act against the Protestant Reformation, the Catholic Church issued statements in which art was discussed as a means to reaffirm the Catholic faith. These messages stated that religious art should strictly abide by the Church’s beliefs. This meant that all art of luxury, lust, or celebration should be abolished for religious uses. These statements shifted the artistic style of this time. Saint Jerome by Juan Martin Cabezalero and other canvas paintings of this period are great examples of the religious, dramatic, and naturalistic style that emerged because of political and religious tension during the seventeenth century. While there is little historical information on Cabezalero, many well-known artists during the Baroque period created similar artworks that are comparable to Saint Jerome . I will argue that Juan Martin Cabezalero’s Saint Jerome was inspired by the Protestant and Catholic tensions in Spain after the Protestant Reformation and the artistic style during the Baroque period and that his painting serves to highlight the religious devotion to saints during seventeenth century Spain. During the Renaissance period, Martin Luther released his Ninety-Five Theses which criticized many parts of the Catholic Church’s beliefs on purgatory and the authority of the pope. This action began the Protestant Reformation which would spread across Europe and drastically 1 Cabezalero, Juan Martin. Saint Jerome . 1666. Meadows Museum, Dallas, Texas.
Image of page 1

Subscribe to view the full document.

change the previously dominant religion of Europe: Catholicism. Because of this change, the Catholic Church decided to act against the Reformation and create a Counter-Reformation that would renew Catholicism as the dominant religion and “encourage Catholics to experience their faith by sharing Christ’s suffering on the cross” once again. 2 The Church’s primary strategy became apparent during the Council of Trent, a council of the Catholic Church which met to produce canons and decrees to reaffirm the Church’s beliefs. A portion of this council was spent discussing how art during this time period could be used to shift Catholics’ focus back to the Church’s true teachings of devotion to Jesus Christ. The transcript from the council states that “figures shall not be painted or adorned with a beauty exciting to lust; nor the celebration of saints, and the visitation of relics be by any perverted into revellings and drunkenness.” 3 These
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
  • Spring '18
  • Randall Griffin
  • Protestant Reformation, St. Jerome, Saint Jerome, Juan Martin Cabezalero

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern