exam3_study_AST1111spring2019.docx - Dr. Monkiewicz: Spring...

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Dr. Monkiewicz: Spring 2019AST 111 onlineExam 3 Study GuideExam 1 & 2fundamental concepts and review:Be able to list the eight major planets in order:Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, NeptuneMnemonics:My Very Eccentric Monkey Just Slept Until NoonMy Very Educated Mother Just Served Us NoodlesWhat happened to Pluto’s status in the Solar System in 2006?How do we detect extrasolar planetary systems?Why were they so hard to find for such a long time?Intergalactic ages!How old is the Universe?How old is the Sun/Solar System?When did life appear on the Earth?When did human beings first appear on the Earth?How do we think the Solar System formed? Why are the inner (terrestrial) planets so differentfrom the outer (Jovian/gas giant) planets? How are their moons different?What are the asteroid belt, Kuiper belt, and Oort cloud? What do they tell us about theformation of the Solar System?Gravity:What are Kepler’s three laws?What are Newton’s three laws? How do they relate to Kepler’s laws, and conservation ofangular momentum?What is the inverse-squared law of gravity, and what does “inverse-squared” mean? (If you arestill uncomfortable with this, check the Chapter 5 examples in Study Guide 2A.)Definitions! What is:Perigee/perihelionApogee/apohelionEscape velocityInverse squared law
Dr. Monkiewicz: Spring 2019Circular velocityCenter of mass (barycenter)Orbits! Can you draw them/explain them?Elliptical (closed orbits)Circular (closed, a specialized type of ellipse)HyperbolicParabolic (open orbits)Light & Telescopes:Definitions! What is:PhotonWavelengthFrequencySpectrumElectromagnetic radiationAtmospheric windowsWhy is light more properly known as “electromagnetic radiation”?Name some types of electromagnetic radiation. Which ones have more or less energy? Whichones have shorter wavelengths? Lower frequency?CHAPTER 20:Moon & MercuryDefinitions! What is:Tidal couplingCrateringEjectaSecondary craterMare/mariaSinuous rillsLunar highlandsLate Heavy BombardmentMare Tranquillitatis/Sea of TranquilityRegolithTerminatorResonanceCaloris basinIntercrater plainsLobate scarps
Dr. Monkiewicz: Spring 2019Mercury and the Moon are very small compared to the other terrestrial worlds. What effectdoes this have on their current geological processes? What effect does this have on their abilityto retain an atmosphere?When were most of the large craters on the Moon and Mercury formed?All about the Moon:The Moon is “tidally coupled” with Earth. What does this mean for our view of the Moon?(Fun fact that our book left out: the Moon’s core is permanently shifted 1.2 miles off-centertowards the Earth as a result of the tidal locking.) (Not on test; it’s just cool.)What is the Moon’s gravity compared to Earth’s? (on the surface)What do the words “mare/maria” mean? What were they originally mistaken for?What is the relationship between Mercury’s rotation period and orbital period?How do we know the ages of the Moon rocks brought back to Earth by the Apollo astronauts?

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Term
Fall
Professor
HINTZ
Tags
Solar System, Planet, Dr Monkiewicz

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