Ancient Rome - Ancient Rome 509 BC 395 CE Roman Republic...

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Ancient Rome, 509 BC- 395 CE Roman Republic 509 – 27 BCE Early Roman Empire 27 BCE – 96 CE High Roman Empire 96 – 192 CE Late Roman Empire 192 – 395 CE Virgil, Aenead Robert Graves, I, Claudius Cinema: “Fall of the Roman Empire,” 1964 Etruscans, 700-509 BCE Romulus and Remus are thrown into Italy, Rome, Tiber River. A she wolf takes care of them. Didn’t know who was going to rule the city. Romulus kills Remus to take the throne. Villages were ruled by kings. So they got the idea of running a republic in order to stave off tyranny. Got rid of kings and ruled by republic. Rome Rome grew exponentially Patricians = wealthy nobles, Plebeans = working class, Slaves Political rulers were usually Patricians. Romans wanted wise, experienced rulers. Senator = senior citizen When we look at Roman art, most images are of political figures or the gods
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Roman Republic Portrait of Pompey the Great, 50 BCE Not idealized because of wrinkles, odd shaped nose, double chin. This is realism or “verisim” in roman terms. Showing the realism shows the honesty of the rulers Wax Imagines Denarius with Portrait of Julius Ceasar, 44 BCE Julius Caesar tries to seize power by declaring himself “dictator perpetuus” Got rid of senate for temporary time, and be dictator Senate assassinated him because they thought he would become emperor Republic collapses afterwards because of 13 year civil war between rulers who tried to take over
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Temple Dedicated to Portunus, 2 nd BCE Exactly like the Greek architecture except for it has only one main room (cella), the colonnades are not freestanding and are just decorative, only marble covering, no balance Early Roman Empire Augustus Primaporta, 20 BCE
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Octavius Caesar (adopted cousin/son) to take the place of Julius Ceasar and wants to be the sole ruler. Has to fight Marc Antony. Wins and becomes Augustus “ The Revered One” Caesar.
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