Chapter 7 jewish christian byzantine art

Chapter 7 jewish christian byzantine art - Chapter 7:...

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Chapter 7: Jewish, Early Christian and Byzantine Art I. Jewish Art, c. 200-550 CE II. Early Christian Art, c. 100-500 CE III. Byzantine Art, c. 400-1453 CE Background Constantine gives tolerance for Christians. Allows for Jewish and Christian art. There are few Judaic pieces of art found. We are still talking about Roman rule. Jewish Art Mosaic Synagogue Floor Jewish art = aniconic. In terms of religious art, you avoid any religious depiction of holy figures. Showing these images of these important figures is uncomfortably close to violating a 10 commandment. No worshipping of graven images / idols Only images of iconography. The menorah center, 2 lions on the side. Lions symbolize one of the 12 tribes of Judah. Palm trees = represent the east. Bird laying egg = prosperity/ fertility.
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Menorahs and the Ark of the Covenant 3 rd c. CE Found within the catacombs (underground tombs). Well preserved because of underground. Center of the picture = Ark of the Covenant. Holds the pieces of the Ten Commandments.
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Dura Europas Synagogue, Wall with Torah Niche c. 244-45 CE Found a room used as a Jewish synagogue filled with paintings (frescos) depicting
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Chapter 7 jewish christian byzantine art - Chapter 7:...

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