Authoritarian Politics

Authoritarian Politics - Authoritarian Politics Beyond...

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Beyond Capitalism and Socialism: Iran Islam Quran is the book for Islam The political order and the religious order are one Politics is judged by religious principles The Shari’a is Complete This is the law Rulers do not need to make new laws Rulers do not need to repeal old laws Two Branches of Islam Sunni Shi’ite Sunni Islam Religion under the domain of the state Ulama’s, the people who do the prayers, theology, etc., work under aegis of state Shi’I Islam Pessimistic view about rulers Religion skeptical of the state Ulama not traditionally identified with political power Iran Center of Shi’I Islam Unlikely ground for religious effort to reform the political system Shi’ite religious leaders historically outside politics Develop distinct corporate identity Became independent political force Took over state in 1979 Ayatollah(Rank of scholarship) Khomeini Divine mission to create an Islamic state A government of eternal and absolute laws A faqih, knowledgeable about Islamic laws, to rule No secular monarch needed
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This note was uploaded on 03/30/2008 for the course PSCI 1024 taught by Professor Taylor during the Spring '07 term at Virginia Tech.

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Authoritarian Politics - Authoritarian Politics Beyond...

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