Political Parties

Political Parties - Listening to the constituents means...

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Political Parties Means for Making Political Interests Known Interest Groups Political Parties Social Movements (in between interest group and political parties) Interest Groups Attempt to affect policy Not creating the policy themselves but what policy they want Political Parties Seek to put candidates into political office and to hold political power Social Movements More broadly stated Seek policies they claim to be in the common interest Missionary: Ideological Missionary- wish to send out message and save people Missionary party- clear cut ideology that explains all facets of life. Ex: Communist (USSR), Labour (Britain before 1997), SPD (Germany before 1959) Broker Party: Pragmatic A party that takes a position based on the people’s opinion Ex: Conservative (Britain), Democratic (USA), Liberal Democrats (Japan) Party Discipline Whips keep order in regards to votes Wisdom of the representative means they do not need to listen to whip
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Unformatted text preview: Listening to the constituents means they do not need to listen to whip The party as representative means they do not need to listen to whip Democratic party in the US is not very disciplined because many of the members are free thinkers and have different ideas for policies Republican party has been highly disciplined Party Fractionalization How broken up the system is One party- authoritarian Two parties- majoritarian. Used mostly in electoral systems More parties- require coalitions. No single party usually ever wins the majority. Therefore it is necessary for parties to form coalitions to create policies Types of Coalitions Majority cabinets Minority cabinets Grand coalitions- one in which you have far more support than a majority One Party Systems Monoparty (Communist) Hegemonic (Sot Unity Party) Dominant Party...
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Political Parties - Listening to the constituents means...

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