History of Korea - History of Korea This article is an overview of the history of Korea up to the division of Korea in the 1940s See History of

History of Korea - History of Korea This article is an...

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History of Korea This article is an overview of the history of  Korea , up to the  division of Korea  in the  1940s. See  History of North Korea  and  History of South Korea  for the post-World War II period. See also Names of Korea. Amitabha and Eight Great Bodhisattvas,  Goryeo scroll from the 1300s. The Korean peninsula has been inhabited since Lower Paleolithic times. According to  legend, Korea's first kingdom,  Gojoseon  (then called  Joseon ), was founded in  2333  B.C.E.  by  Dangun , who is said to be descended from heaven. However, Korea's  history has been one of constant struggle between forces of unification and division. The collapse of Gojoseon spawned the creation of the small kingdoms of the Proto- Three Kingdom period, which later coalesced into the mightier kingdoms  of  Goguryeo Baekje , and  Silla , inaugurating the  Three Kingdoms Period  around the  time of  Jesus . While Goguryeo and Baekje had great power for much of the era, Silla's  power gradually extended across Korea, eventually establishing the first unified state to  cover most of Korean peninsula by 668  C.E. , beginning the  Unified Silla  period. Contents [ hide ] 1 Overview 2 Prehistory o 2.1 Jeulmun
Pottery Period o 2.2 Mumun Pottery Period 3 Gojoseon o 3.1 Gija Joseon o 3.2 Bronze culture o 3.3 Iron culture o 3.4 Decline and fall 4 Proto-Three Kingdoms o 4.1 Buyeo 4.1.1 Bu kbuyeo 4.1.2 Do ngbuyeo o 4.2 Okjeo o 4.3 Dongye o 4.4 Nangnang Joseon o 4.5 Samhan 5 Three Kingdoms period o 5.1 Goguryeo o 5.2 Baekje o 5.3 Silla o 5.4 Gaya 6 North and South States o 6.1 Unified Silla o 6.2 Balhae o 6.3 Later Three Kingdoms 7 Goryeo 8 Joseon o 8.1 Economy o 8.2 Social hierarchy o 8.3 Foreign invasions o 8.4 Nineteenth century 9 Japanese occupation 10 The division of Korea 11 Notes
12 References 13 External links 14 Credits Unified Silla lasted for 267 years until falling to Goryeo, under the leadership King  Gyeongsun, in 935. Joseon, born out of the collapsed Goryeo in 1392, also ruled the  entire peninsula, that rule lasting until  Japan  annexed Korea in 1910. The period of  Japanese colonization lasted until 1945. Korea then divided  into  North  and  South  occupation zones of the  Soviet Union  and  United  States  established at the end of  World War II . After the  Korean War  (1950-1953), the  North remained under  Communist  rule and protection with the  democratic  South under  the protection of the United States, with no hope of peaceful reunification at that time. Overview History of Korea Jeulmun Period Mumun Period Gojoseon , Jin Proto-Three Kingdoms : Buyeo , Okjeo, Dongye Samhan Ma, Byeon, Jin Three Kingdoms : Goguryeo Sui wars Baekje Silla , Gaya North-South States : Unified Silla Balhae Later Three Kingdoms Goryeo Khitan wars Mongol invasions Joseon Japanese invasions Manchu invasions Korean Empire Japanese occupation Provisional Gov't Division of Korea

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