Homework: Chapter 18 Guided Reading Sheet
The network of trading links after 1500 that moved goods, wealth, people, and
cultures around the Atlantic Basin.
Groups of private investors who paid an annual fee to France and England
in exchange for a monopoly over trade to the West Indies colonies.
Dutch West India Company-
a chartered company (known as the "WIC") of Dutch merchants.
Among its founding fathers was Willem Usselincx (1567-1647). On June 3, 1621, it was granted a
charter for a trade monopoly in the West Indies (meaning the Caribbean) by the Republic of the
Seven United Netherlands and given jurisdiction over the Atlantic slave trade, Brazil, the
Caribbean, and North America. The area where the company could operate consisted of West
Africa (between the Tropic of Cancer and the Cape of Good Hope) and the Americas, which
included the Pacific Ocean and the eastern part of New Guinea. The intended purpose of the
charter was to eliminate competition, particularly Spanish or Portuguese, between the various
trading posts established by the merchants. The company became instrumental in the Dutch
colonization of the Americas.
a population of planters regarded as the dominant class, especially in the West
Atlantic System and Africa; the main group of slaves on a plantation
Atlantic System and Africa; the group of slave children that helped with small jobs
artisan slave who oversaw the "delicate" process of reducing the cane sap to
crystallized sugar and molasses.
A privileged male slave whose job was to ensure that a slave gang did its work on a
An often difficult period of adjustment to new climates, disease environments, and
work routines, such as that experienced by slaves newly arrived in the Americas.
Wealthy whites owned slave plantations in Haiti and they wanted independence
from France and supported slavery
Native born whites who were usually local traders and merchants. They felt
prejudice by the French whites and could not hold many positions of power besides being clerks
The poor, vulnerable group that was the object of prejudice in the North and despised
as a "third race" in the South
A grant of legal freedom to an individual slave