Chapter 18 - WHAP-Mr Cope Homework Chapter 18 Guided...

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WHAP-Mr. Cope Homework: Chapter 18 Guided Reading Sheet Terms: 1. Atlantic System- The network of trading links after 1500 that moved goods, wealth, people, and cultures around the Atlantic Basin. 2. chartered companies- Groups of private investors who paid an annual fee to France and England in exchange for a monopoly over trade to the West Indies colonies. 3. Dutch West India Company- a chartered company (known as the "WIC") of Dutch merchants. Among its founding fathers was Willem Usselincx (1567-1647). On June 3, 1621, it was granted a charter for a trade monopoly in the West Indies (meaning the Caribbean) by the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands and given jurisdiction over the Atlantic slave trade, Brazil, the Caribbean, and North America. The area where the company could operate consisted of West Africa (between the Tropic of Cancer and the Cape of Good Hope) and the Americas, which included the Pacific Ocean and the eastern part of New Guinea. The intended purpose of the charter was to eliminate competition, particularly Spanish or Portuguese, between the various trading posts established by the merchants. The company became instrumental in the Dutch colonization of the Americas. 4. Plantocracy- a population of planters regarded as the dominant class, especially in the West Indies. 5. “great gang”- Atlantic System and Africa; the main group of slaves on a plantation 6. “grass gang”- Atlantic System and Africa; the group of slave children that helped with small jobs on plantations 7. head boiler- artisan slave who oversaw the "delicate" process of reducing the cane sap to crystallized sugar and molasses. 8. “Driver”- A privileged male slave whose job was to ensure that a slave gang did its work on a plantation. 9. Seasoning- An often difficult period of adjustment to new climates, disease environments, and work routines, such as that experienced by slaves newly arrived in the Americas. 10. grand blancs- Wealthy whites owned slave plantations in Haiti and they wanted independence from France and supported slavery 11. petits blancs- Native born whites who were usually local traders and merchants. They felt prejudice by the French whites and could not hold many positions of power besides being clerks 12. free blacks- The poor, vulnerable group that was the object of prejudice in the North and despised as a "third race" in the South 13. Manumission- A grant of legal freedom to an individual slave 14. Maroons-

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