Chapter 20 - WHAP-Mr Cope Homework Chapter 20 Guided...

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WHAP-Mr. Cope Homework: Chapter 20 Guided Reading Sheet Terms: 1. Jesuits (Society of Jesus)- founded as a teaching and missionary order to resist the spread of Protestantism and to spread Catholicism./Jesuits were missionaries that spread Christianity to many parts of the world. - goals included: reform the church through education, spread the Gospel to pagan peoples, fight Protestantism; Members of the Catholic religious order the society of Jesus - help transformation of Japanese religion to Christianity even though it was opposed by the elite as foreign and disruptive 2. Canton System- British silver went to China to pay for the imported tea, silk, and decorative items but Britain was offended by the Qing restriction on trade because British goods had come into only one port- Canton - the Qing trade restrictions on British merchants as they could only access the port of Canton, China 3. Dutch East India Company- Joint stock company that obtained government monopoly over trade in Asia; acted as a virtually independent government in regions it claimed. - (VOC) major trade in the Indian Ocean - attempted to trade with China and succeeded by acknowledging emperor superiority. 4. East India Company of England- Joint stock company that obtained government monopoly over trade in India; acted as a virtually independent government in regions it claimed. - British and other European traders with Qing through Canton wanted to change the restriction on trading in "Canton System" for more profit- British lacked exports to China 5. Kowtow- a former Chinese custom of touching the ground with the forehead as a sign of respect or submission 6. tsar (czar)- The title of rulers or emperors of Russia from the sixteenth century until the Russian Revolution. The czars ruled as absolute monarchs ( see absolute monarchy) until the early twentieth century when a parliament was established in Russia. 7. Boyars- Russian landholding aristocrats; possessed less political power than their western European counterparts, 8. Serfs- due to foreign warfare the downgrade of the economy led to the increase in peasant populations -peasants became serfs to landowners as hereditary slaves as workers for land, not the owner. 9. “China”- southern Manchuria and the area dominated by early Ming and Early Korea-This was eventually taken over by Qing-had interactions with Russians( Amur river)-Manchuria's-at canton (European traders/ EIC) 10. dalai lama- Originally a title meaning "universal priest" that the Mongol khans invented and bestowed on a Tibetan lama (priest) in the late 1500s to legitimate their power in Tibet. Subsequently, the title of the religious and political leader of Tibet. 11. Variolation- the spread of disease in Beijing of smallpox influence by Christian missionaries learning of anatomy - led to vaccinations in Europe 12. Cha- The Northern China names for tea, - widely exported to Portuguese and western Europe states, in competition with coffee and chocolate - many profitable possibilities with tea for
Chinese.

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