Chapter 15 - WHAP-Mr Cope Homework Chapter 15 Guided...

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WHAP-Mr. Cope Homework: Chapter 15 Guided Reading Sheet Terms: 1. “treasure ship”- first Ming expedition consisted of 62 " treasure ships", large treasure ships( 300 FT long by 150 FT wide), 9 masts, 12 sails, many decks, carry capacity of 6 tons, had crossbows and small cannons, carried rich silks and precious metals 2. Caravel- A small, highly maneuverable three-masted ship used by the Portuguese and Spanish in the exploration of the Atlantic. A new vessel one fifth the size of the largest European vessel, handle ocean storms , explore up river, small canon, lateen/square sails, it sailed by high winds and the square sails where for speed. 3. Order of Christ- military religious order (exclusive right to promote Christianity in all lands that were discovered) 4. Cruzado- a new gold coin that symbolized how deeply Portuguese entwined religious and secular motives. 5. “Indians”- Republica de Indios: Made up of all resettled Indians, supposed to protect Indians from outside influences. Demarcated Indian property 6. Entrepôt- a place where goods are stored or deposited and from which they are distributed 7. Conquistadors- Early-sixteenth-century Spanish adventurers who conquered Mexico, Central America, and Peru. Significance: Led to the removal of Arawaks from the Bahamas who were then put in to slavery. Expanded Spanish conquest and exploration in South and North America. Places: 8. Melanesia- mariners from the Malay peninsula ( in south east Asia) explored and settled onto indies islands ( industry of Melanesia) 9. Polynesia- settled through expansion from Fiji, sailed to Hawaiian Islands, settling pacific islands 10. Madagascar- colonized by Malayo-indonesian that sailed westward across Indian ocean, Speak Malayo - Polynesian, parts of population are descendants of Africans 11. Iberia- the Iberian Peninsula included Portuguese, castile, Aragon (which took over Granada in 1492, also known as present day Spain) 12. Ceuta- Portuguese attacked Ceuta in 1415 because Moroccan government showed weakness in the 15th century , a rich African city 13. Gold Coast- headquarters of Portugal's West African trade explored by Fernao Gomes 14. Malabar Coast- landed by Vasco de Gama and left bad impression of Portugal's poverty 15. Goa- (west coast India) fell to well armed fleet base of Portugal monarchy trade of city of Gujarat (1510) 16. Macao- (1557) Macao became trading post for Portugal and monopolized trade between china and Japan. Empires/Kingdoms: 17. Kingdom of Castile- Along with Aragon; a regional kingdom of the Iberian Peninsula; pressed reconquest of the peninsula from Muslims; developed a vigorous military and religious agenda. 18. Kingdom of Aragon- Along with Castile; a regional kingdom of the Iberian Peninsula; pressed reconquest of the peninsula from Muslims; developed a vigorous military and religious agenda 19. Kingdom of Granada- The Muslim kingdom that Spain later conquested. In 1502, the Muslims were forced to convert to Christianity or be expelled or killed.

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