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Unformatted text preview: Sociology Class Notes Science • Science creates theories • Facts are meaningful in theories • But as theories change, facts change. Ex: Pluto no longer a planet. • Science predicts. Rather science test theories by generating predictions o One takes a theory, generates a prediction, and see if it fits with the theory . Ex: TV’s affect on people. Cultivated them and made these people fearful when watching violence on TV. But there is no evidence of that. This theory is dead. o A theory is never absolutely true. Just support those theories. o Science is continuously trying to develop better theories but is destroying itself at the same time. Objectivity • Science is also objective. Or tries to be objective. • Research money is decided by government. So government chooses to give money to those that they want to. Often comes with conditions • Biases- Backgrounds often interfere. But the biggest bias is the personal bias in their own ideas and theories. • Value implications- affects how science is reported. Morals get in the way of scientific research. Ex: Weed increases your wages • Objectivity is a value like: honesty, faithfulness and marriage, • We should not use biases to test hypotheses? Uses Empirical Data • Collected through sensory or • We try to reason through the data to test theories and discover the facts • We don’t reason from revelation Science Should Be Falsifiable • We have to be able to state how the idea can be tested • What empirical evidence can we use to reject the idea? • Ex: Many religious ideas are not falsifiable Social Interaction • Social: A social situation is one in which people orient their actions toward one another • Doing everything from getting dressed to brushing your teeth is social because you’re trying to socialize with people by looking appealing. • Interaction: Mutual influence through exchange or communication • There is a structure to interaction: greeting (trying to get a read on their mood), content, then a goodbye • Interaction is inherently ambiguous- we never know exactly what’s going on in an interaction. We don’t know what’s going on in the other person’s mind. We try to read them by looking at body language and other signs. • Interaction patterns and characterizes our behavior and personality Social Relationship • A stable, recurring pattern of interaction. Ex: marriage, friendship, boss/ coworker relationship. Social Organization • Refers to a network (or pattern) of social relationships Sociology and Other Sciences • Sociology deals with human behavior and our understanding of human behaviors includes the notation of subjectivity, while natural science learns about material....
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- Fall '07
- Sociology, ex