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Unformatted text preview: PROVISIONAL 4th General Assembly Oslo, 11-12 August, 2000 Scientific Sessions Globalisation, Regionalisation and the History of International Relations The Formation of the Images of the Peoples and the History of International Relations 2000 The Formation of the Images of the Peoples and the History of International Relations The scientific sessions on Globalisation, Regionalisation and the History of International Relations and on The Formation of the Images of the Peoples and the History of International Relations were decided and shaped by the Bureau and by the Secretariat of the Commission in 1999-2000. The preparation of the scientific sessions is by a committee co-ordinated by Brunello Vigezzi and with the contribute of: Joan Beaumont Lawrence Kaplan Maria Benzoni Jukka Nevakivi Alfredo Canavero Silvia Pizzetti Wolfgang Döpke Mario Rapoport Adam Ferguson Giovanni Scirocco Robert Frank Pompiliu Teodor Chihiro Hosoya International Committee of Historical Sciences (C.I.S.H.) COMMISSION OF HISTORY OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS COMMISSION D’HISTOIRE DES RELATIONS INTERNATIONALES COMMISSIONE DI STORIA DELLE RELAZIONI INTERNAZIONALI The editorial staff is composed by Barbara Baldi, Laura Brazzo and Lucio Valent Summary Preliminary Note.......................................................................................................................... Some Information about the Commission of History of International Relations.......................... Session Aims – Introductory Remarks........................................................................................ Papers........................................................................................................................................ in author’s alphabetical order................................................................................. Elena Aga Rossi Giovanni Orsina............................................................................................... The Image of America in the Italian Communist Press (1944-1956).......................................... María Dolores Algora Weber...................................................................................................... Spain - Magreb Relations in the Framework of the "Common Security and Foreign Policy" of the European Union: from the Traditional Look to the Present Aims...................................... Lúcia Maria Bastos P. Neves Tania Maria Tavares Bessone da C. Ferriera................................... Portugal, France et Brésil: représentations imaginées (1808-1914)........................................... Maria Matilde Benzoni............................................................................................................... Notes pour une histoire de la littérature sur l’expansion européenne (XVI e-XVIIIe siècles).............. L’image de l’Amérique Espagnole à l’âge moderne. Hans Manfred Bock.................................................................................................................... Identités nationales et perception transnationale...................................................................... Giulia Bogliolo Bruna................................................................................................................. Du mythe à la réalité: L'image des Esquimaux dans la littérature de voyage (XVIème – première moitié du XVIIIème siècles)........................................................................................ Tiziano Bonazzi.......................................................................................................................... Janus and the Statue of Liberty: Redefining "the Other" to Chart the Course of the American Empire....................................................................................................................... Elisabetta Borromeo.................................................................................................................. L’image du Turc à l’âge moderne............................................................................................... Cristian Buchrucker................................................................................................................... International History of the XXth Century in the Argentine Nationalist and Military Thought of the Cold War Era.................................................................................................................... Roberta Caccialupi..................................................................................................................... The Austro-Hungarian Empire in Italian Travel Journals (1867-1914)................................. Alberto Caianiello.................................................................................................................... Rita Cambria............................................................................................................................ The Images of the Peoples and the History of International Relations Press and Lobbies in the United States Seeking for a Foreign Policy Toward Italy After 1945: Hypotheses on Some Case-Studies............................................................................... Sophie Cœuré.......................................................................................................................... Images de la Russie soviétique en France (1917 - 1939)................................................ Martyn Cornick........................................................................................................................ Problèmes de la perception entre la France et l'Angleterre au seuil du 20 e siècle................... Kokila Dang............................................................................................................................. Defining and Legitimising the 'Other': European Travel Accounts and India from the Eighteenth Century.................................................................................................................. María-Dolores Elizalde............................................................................................................. Images of the Philippines. The international Perception of a Colony at the End of XIX th Century.................................................................................................................................... Olavi K.Fält.............................................................................................................................. Impact of Japan’s Public Image on the Political Relations between Finland and Japan in the 1930s...................................................................................................................................... Bohumila Ferencuhová............................................................................................................ Triangle Paris-Prague-Moscou: image stéréotypée comme facteur de décision dans les relations internationales ?....................................................................................................... Aldo Ferrari.............................................................................................................................. Between Slavdom and Turan: Russian Identity in Eurasian Teaching...................................... Roberto Dante Flores............................................................................................................... Relations Between Chile and Argentina. Media and Construction of Identities (1978-1999) ................................................................................................................................................ Hideo Fukamachi..................................................................................................................... Chinese National Consciousness and Japan: The Case of Tai Chi-t'ao...................................... Catherine Horel....................................................................................................................... L’image de la Hongrie et des Hongrois en Europe sur la longue durée (1848-1999)............... Cornelius J. Jaenen................................................................................................................... French Images of Amerindians, Amerindian Images of the French.................................................................................................. Imaginary Reality: Wolfram Kaiser........................................................................................................................ Negotiating National Images in Global Public Spaces: Intercultural Communication at Nineteenth Century World Exhibitions..................................................................................... John Kent................................................................................................................................. British Elite and Attitudes to the 'Other' in Cold War Europe................................................... The Beginning of the Use of European Historical Method in Japan and the Formation of the Japanese Images of the European History............................................................................... Ignacio Klich............................................................................................................................ Images and Realities about the Nazis in Argentina.................................................................. Mikael af Malmborg................................................................................................................. The Meanings of "Europe" in National Discourses - History and Theory................................... Lená Medeiros de Menenzes.................................................................................................... 4 The Images of the Peoples and the History of International Relations Les Portugais en tant que représentation de l'immobilisme dans la modernisation républicaine au Brésil (1890-1920).......................................................................................... Victor Morales Lezcano............................................................................................................ Notes on a Historical Study of the Spanish-Maghreb System of Representation: The Contribution of Oral Sources to Present-day History................................................................ Graeme S. Mount Sahadeo Basdeo.......................................................................................... The Foreign Relations of Trinidad and Tobago as a Manifestation of National Identity............. Mikhail Narinski....................................................................................................................... La formation de l’image de l’ennemi en URSS au début de la Guerre Froide........................... Gottfried Niedhart.................................................................................................................... West-German Ostpolitik and the Perception of the Soviet Union in the Era of Willy Brandt ................................................................................................................................................ Paola Olla Brundu.................................................................................................................... ‘Temperamentally Unwarlike’: The Image of Italy in the Allies’ War Propaganda, 19431945........................................................................................................................................ Anna Ostinelli De Caroli........................................................................................................... The non-European World in the Italian School History Books: the Image of the “Other” between Stereotypes and Reality after World War II Hypotheses on Some Case-Studies........ Silvia Pizzetti........................................................................................................................... “L’Allemagne savante”. La culture italienne et l’image de la science allemande du Risorgimento à la première guerre mondiale........................................................................... Ioan-Aurel Pop Sorin Sipos....................................................................................................... Image des Pays Romains dans un ouvrage français de 1688................................................... Dumitru Preda......................................................................................................................... L’image de la France gaulliste et de sa politique étrangère dans les rapports diplomatiques roumains.......................................................................................................... Michael Rauck.......................................................................................................................... The Development of the German Image of Japan in the Late 19th Century to WW I................. Giuseppina Russo.................................................................................................................... Européens et Zulu au XlXe siècle: aspects d'une rencontre entre deux cultures..................... Andrea Saccoman.................................................................................................................... Italian Military’s Perception of European Armies in the 1870s................................................. Thomasz Schramm.................................................................................................................. La représentions satirique des voisins de la Pologne dans l'entre-deux-guerres...................... José Flávio Sombra Saraiva...................................................................................................... "A Tale of a Child and an Old Uncle": Brazilian-British Mutual Images in the Post-War Period...................................................................................................................................... Pompiliu Teodor....................................................................................................................... La question orientale, les roumains et l'image de l'autre (fin du XVIe siècle et aux XVIIe et XVIIIe siècle).......................................................................................... David Vital............................................................................................................................... "The People" as an Organising Idea......................................................................................... Robert Young........................................................................................................................... 5 The Images of the Peoples and the History of International Relations Colonial Images of Population on the West Coast of Sumatra in the 18 th Century................... Abstracts in chronological order.............................................................................................. 6 The Images of the Peoples and the History of International Relations Preliminary Note On the occasion of September 1995 Montreal General Assembly, our Commission had discussed and voted the proposal to devote talks to the question of the "Formation of the Images of Peoples from the 18th Century to the Present Day and the History of International Relations", which Professor Frank and other colleagues had put forward. A meeting would have taken place at Paris in 1999, but French colleagues’ commitments had got us to turn talks into one of the scientific session of Oslo Assembly. Bureau received hint and preparation went on by the collaboration of French colleagues, which had already led off the work, of different members of Bureau and the Secretariat. The paper, which had been enclosed to the invitation for all the members to participate to the session, has outlined viable purposes for the meeting (look p.10), by proposing to ponder on the question of the historical formation of peoples' images from the 18 th century to present day, from different standpoints. Plenty of replies have been received, as can be seen from this collection of papers, which we are delivering to foster the following stages of our work. Drawing on the attitude and rules of the Commission, the basic purpose of the session goes on to be that Bureau's and Secretariat's members, associated and scholars, which had been invited and had joined in on the way, could ponder and confront each other on so relevant subjects. This sheds light on the difference of proposals that has allowed even to extend the suggestion of the original program suitably: by underscoring questions of method; by extending the research on long-lasting term in different papers, going back to the dawn of Modern Age in order to understand the formation of some basic stereotypes; on other occasions by trying to spot possible links between images, which had been consolidating over the time, and decision-making by often agreeing to the suggestion to cross deep-seated lines by a worldwide point of view. This list of papers in chronological order, which we have enclosed at the end, is merely tentative; but it may be useful as a first sketchy overview. It also allows to assess how the formation of the images fits in, and enriches, the history of international relations from Modern Age to present day. These early remarks will help- we hope - to set off discussion and reappraisal at Oslo. 7 The Images of the Peoples and the History of International Relations Some Information about the Commission of History of International Relations The Commission of History of International Relations was established in Milan in October 1981 on the initiative of a group of scholars from various countries. In the same year the International Committee of Historical Sciences (I.C.H.S.) recognised it as an "internal" body devoted to foster and enhance the widest scientific collaboration among historians of 'international life', understood in its widest meaning. The Commission, which is open to all the interested historians on an "individual membership" basis, according to its Statute has "the purpose... to develop the studies on the history of international relations, by several means: a) organising periodical meetings among its members; b) aiding the spread of scientific information concerning this domain of history; c) publishing scientific documents useful for historical research in this field; d) any other activity which may appear to be useful to widen the works of the Commission”. The Institutions active in this field of studies may get membership in the Commission, but without voting rights. They may propose individuals for membership. The Commission is co-ordinated by a Bureau, and assisted by a Secretariat which has its seat in Milan, as stated by statute, at the Centre for the Studies on Public Opinion and Foreign Policy. In August 1997 the Commission was accepted as "associate" body of the ICHS with right to vote in General Assembly of that world organisation. Since 1981 Commission has approved and supported the programmes of many International Congress that have been later enacted with the cooperation of Universities and Institutions from countries all over the world. From 1981 up to 1999 congresses have taken place in Perugia,Tübingen, Helsinki, Bochum,Cluj, Moscow, Brasilia, Rome, Buenos Aires, and Tokio and they have been devoted to: The History and Methodology of International Relations (Perugia-Spoleto-Trevi, Italy, 20-23 September 1989) organized with the University of Perugia Minor Powers/Majors Powers in the History of International Relations (Tübingen, Germany, 11-13 A...
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