2188_finalnotes.docx - Lecture 9 Sea Bandits of China and...

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Lecture 9: Sea Bandits of China and SE Asia CONTINUED… (Lecture 8) United States vs barbary states 1785 – refuses demand of Tunis, Tripoli, Algiers 1786 – signs agreement w morocco American captivity narratives American propaganda Slaves in Algiers (1794) o Action against Muslim states o Fosters hatred o Hostage crisis Slaves in Algiers (1794) Who – American captivity narratives What – action against Muslim states When – 1794 Where – Americas Why – hatred, feeling of inferiority to major European nations Used to play importance of freedoms during American revolutions Highlights tyranny and suppressions attached to religions Seeing the beginnings of hostility of Muslims (non-Christians) 1798 – Journal John Foss Who – John Foss What – blood thirsty religion, in favour of gov use of force When – 1798 Where – Journal recount of slave experience Why – descripting actions, fostering strong action Parcel of wolves Experiences as hostile and slaves First – no one knew what Algiers were Became important source – people putting faith into reading (no previous knowledge) Becomes resource for archives of captives Maria Martin 12 editions – 9 publishers (best seller) Graphic account of imagined women Imprisonment in Algeria Based on newspaper accounts (circulated 10 years prior to publish) Fascination to female captivity – more graphic and gruesome Fabricated and true accounts Incentive (terms of detail) Strong nationalistic sentiments
Powerful effect: politicians, defending right of liberties of what new nation stood for Acts: 1794 – birth of US Navy Navel Act Direct result of threat of Algerine corsairs 1798 – department of Navy More resources ordered To end barbary demand for tribute Britain continued to pay tribute US did not Used tribute money to build Navy to send to threats USS Constitution – Old Ironsides Launched 1797 Oldest commissioned navy vessel afloat Boston harbour rn “Millions of defenses but one cent for tribute” – there’s no end to paying only encouragement James Madison + Thomas Jefferson o 1 st Barbary War = Tripolitan (destination for fighting) o 1801-05 o First US conflict fought on foreign soil o Jefferson refused to pay – sends USS Enterprise to engage and defeat Corsairs USS Philadelphia runs aground October 1803 o Skilled navigators at premium o Captain William Bainbridge o Used against remaining US fleet o US stuck in Mediterranean – can’t bombard port – range isn’t long enough LT Stephen Decatur (1804) o Board Philadelphia to burn the ship o Survived o American fleet to continue bombarding Tripoli port Defeat of Tripoli port o Lt Presley O’Bannon o US Marine Corps o DErna Tripoli o May 1805 o Presents with sword (curved) becomes symbol of marine core o Adopted as part of formal dress o Americans pay for the return of all-American slaves o Given free passage to American ships o Promise by the bay of Tripoli to obey

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