Introduction to American Jurisprudence March 16 2018 Textbook Chapter 18- Vocab Torts: A Civil Wrong Tort: a breach of some obligation, causing harm or injury to someone; civil wrong, such as negligence or libet. Damages: money asked for or paid by court order to a plaintiff for injuries or losses suffered. Liability: legal responsibility; the obligation to do or not do something. The defendant in a tort case incurs liability for failing to use reasonable care, resulting in harm to the plaintiff. Settlement: a mutual agreement between two sides in a civil lawsuit, made either before a final judgment is entered, that settles or ends the dispute. Negligence: the failure to exercise a reasonable amount of care in either doing or not doing something, resulting in harm or injury to another person. Strict liability: the legal responsibility for damage or injury even if you are not negligent. Class action: a lawsuit brought by one or more persons on behalf of a larger group.