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POLS 1336 - (8) Political Parties.pptx - 1 Political...

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Political PartiesPOLS 13361
Political Parties in AmericaA political party is a group of voters, activists, candidates, and officeholders who identify with a party label and seek to elect individuals topublic office.Hamilton and Jefferson, as heads of the Federalist and Anti-Federalistgroups respectively, are often considered 'fathers' of the modern partysystem.By 1800, this country had a party system with two major parties thathas remained relatively stable ever since.2
Party DominanceFrom the presidential elections of 1860 to the present,the same two major parties have contested electionsin the United States: Democrats and Republicans.Reconstruction -- Republican dominance1876-1896 -- closely competitive1896-1929 -- Republican dominance1930s and 1940s -- Democratic dominance1950s to present -- closely competitive3
Minor Parties: Third PartyismWhen it comes to winning presidential elections, minor parties are not a threat to the twomajor parties.However, minor parties can have a significant impact on who ends up winning a presidentialelectionRoss Perot in 1992won 18.9% of the popular vote nation-wide and arguably took away votesfrom George H.W. Bush, which helped Bill Clinton become President in a close election*. (It was aclose election in terms of nation-wide popular vote, but Clinton easily won the Electoral Collegewith 370 electoral votes to Bush’s 168, with Perot winning 0…however, Bush would have mostlikely won more electoral votes without Perot in the election—possibly enough to becomepresident).

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Term
Spring
Professor
mcfaden
Tags
President of the United States

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