General Studies Project(2019-20)Name – Shreya GargClass & Sec. – 12thDRoll No. – 38 Team – 1 | P a g e
AcknowledgementI would like to convey my heartiest thanks to Ms. PRERNA ARYAmy GeneralStudies Teacher who always gave me valuable suggestions and guidance duringthe completion of my project work. She helped me to understand andremember important details of the project that I would otherwise have forget.My project has been a success only because of her guidance. ______________________Place : New DelhiShreya GargClass – XII-DDate : Roll No. – 38 2 | P a g e
CERTIFICATEThis is to certify that SHREYA GARGof class XII-Dof Oxford SeniorSecondary School, Vikas Purihas completed the project under mysupervision. She has taken proper care and shown utmost sincerity in thecompletion of the project.I certify that this project is up to my expectations and as per the guidelinesissued by CBSE.______________________Place : New DelhiMs.(Project Guide)Date : 3 | P a g e
CONTENTSS R .N O .T O P I CPA G EN O1.The Revolt of 1857 —the First War of IndependenceCauses of the Revolt: 5 – 7Main events of the revolt:7Centers of the revolt: 7 – 8Failure of Great Indian Revolt of 1857and Its Causes9 – 102.History of the Indian National CongressThe Moderate Phase11 – 12The Extremist Phase12 – 15Terrorist and Revolutionary Movements15 – 183.Important Indian Freedom Fighters and their contributions19 – 204.The Success of Democracy in India21 – 224 | P a g e
The Revolt of 1857 —the First War of IndependenceBy the first half of the 19th century, the East India Company had brought major portions of India under its control.One hundred years after the Battle of Plassey, anger against the unjust and oppressive British Government took theform of a revolt that shook the very foundations of British rule in India.While British historians called it the Sepoy Mutiny, Indian historians named it the Revolt of 1857 or the First War ofIndian Independence. The Revolt of 1857 had been preceded by a series of disturbances in different parts of thecountry from the late eighteenth century onwards.The Sanyasi Rebellion in North Bengal and the Chunar rebellion in Bihar and Bengal broke out in the lateeighteenth century. There were several peasant uprisings in the mid- nineteenth century, the most important ofwhich were those by the Moplah peasants of the Malabar and the Faraizi movement by Muslim peasants in Bengal.The first half of the nineteenth century also witnessed a number of tribal revolts. In this context, mention may bemade of the rebellions of the Bhils of Madhya Pradesh, the Santhals of Bihar and the Gonds and Khonds of Orissa.However, all these disturbances were localized. Although serious and, in some cases, long drawn, these did notpose any serious threat to the existence of the British Empire.