Week 4 Readings - Chapter 5.Docx - POLS 2300 Canadian Government and Politics Chapter 5 Readings The Executive Origins and Powers Executive is the

Week 4 Readings - Chapter 5.Docx - POLS 2300 Canadian...

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POLS 2300: Canadian Government and Politics Chapter 5 Readings: The Executive Origins and Powers - Executive is the oldest branch of government - Modern history is one attempting to bind political executives to democratic impulses, as mediated by parliaments and to various refinements of the rule of law - In the British Tradition, the evolution happened particularly slowly and peacefully for the most part, creating a wealth of precedent, convention and common law - Westminster Model: Model of representative and responsible government used in the UK and in other countries - Prime Minister: Nominates the cabinet meaning there is a fusion of legislative and executive power in the Cabinet, the head of government as chosen by GG to form government that is able to maintain confidence in majority of the elected house of parliament and commons - Formal Executive: Consists of Queen, GG and Queen’s Privy Council for Canada, possesses formal constitutional authority and by convention acts on the advice of the political executive - Informal refers to political executive, whose far reaching powers derive largely from custom and convention but also from political resources The Formal Executive - Section 9 to 11 of the Constitution Act 1867, Formal executive means “vested in the Queen” - Queen remains Canada’s formal head of state - Formal duties of GG: o Summoning people to membership in the Senate o Appointing judgments o Summoning Parliament o Dissolving Parliament o Giving royal assent to legislation o Duty of picking new PM in case of resignation or death o Appoint and remove members of Privy Council - Performs these duties on advice of the Cabinet or the PM - The Queen’s Privy Council For Canada is to aid and advise in the Government of Canada - Privy Council consists of all those that have ever been federal cabinet ministers plus a limited number of honorific appointments - Privy Council main source of advice to the GG - Cabinet is the only active part of the Council The Crown, Monarchy, and Prerogative - Crown: Repository of all the executive powers of the state and is the supreme authority for government o Most generally understood to be the repository of all the executive powers of the state
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o Authority of government comes from the Crown o Powers of Crown come from statute and common law o Parliament grants the Crown statutory powers, which give the Crown both executive power and legislative power - Prerogative Power: The powers the monarch once uniquely possessed that have not been taken away by Parliament - Discretionary Prerogative Powers: Powers that the monarch’s representative may exercise upon their own personal discretion, include the appointment/dismissal of the PM and the dissolution of Parliament - It is a primary responsibility of the GG to ensure there is a government in place that has the support of the majority in the H of C A Governor General Stirs Up Controversy: The King-Byng Affair - William Lyon Mackenzie King, won the Liberal party’s first leadership convention, 2
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  • Spring '12
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  • Government, Media, Separation of Powers, Presidential system, Westminster system

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