chapter11.ppt - GROUPS INTERESTS AND MOVEMENTS Interest...

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GROUPS, INTERESTS AND MOVEMENTS
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An interest or pressure group is an organized association that aims to influence the policies or actions of government. Differences between interest groups: Sectional v associational: Sectional groups advance the interests of their members, while promotional ones are concerned with shared values, ideals or principles. Insider v outsider: Whereas insider groups enjoy privileged access to policy formulation, outsider groups lack access to government and so are forced to ‘go public’. Interest groups
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Group politics has been understood in a variety of ways. Pluralism emphasizes the dispersal of power and the ability of groups to guarantee democratic accountability. Corporatism highlights the privileged position that certain groups enjoy in relation to government. The New Right draws attention to the threat that groups pose in terms of over-government and economic inefficiency.
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