ANCIENT ROME

ANCIENT ROME - ANCIENT ROME MATERIALS brick: sun-dried...

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ANCIENT ROME MATERIALS brick: sun-dried brick, kiln-fired brick, glazed brick different shapes industrialized marked with dates and signature of emperor of that time timber (Lebenon) metals: iron, lead, bronze stone: sandstone, limestone, granite, marble imported (some marble found in Rome; white with grey grains) concrete invented by Romans (lost with the fall of empire) Opus Caementum (concrete work) Different types of concrete work (see slide) Veneering afterwards Reticulatum= at a 45 degree angle Testaceum= with headers, tallest Pozzolana cement + aggregates + water Aggregates= gravel, stone, rubble The heavier the concrete the heavier the concrete tiles: clay mosaic glass already known in Egypt and Greece first used for construction by Romans not clear; opaque different colors/pigments only civilization to import materials internationally (stopped with the fall) STRUCTURAL SYSTEMS column and beam (post and lintel) timber roof system: timber truss to be efficient with wood King posts, scarfed joints arch: arcade arches in a row same dimensions
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This note was uploaded on 03/30/2008 for the course COSC 153 taught by Professor Peterson during the Spring '08 term at Texas A&M.

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ANCIENT ROME - ANCIENT ROME MATERIALS brick: sun-dried...

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