Education CHAPTER SEVEN
EducationWhat is the purpose of education?Opportunity for social mobilityNurture and develop the hearts and minds of childrenAntidote for prejudice and ignoranceSolution to myriad of social problemsPatterns and TrendsCritics point to failure of education to teach basic skills in reading, writing, science, and mathLess effective in transmitting skills and knowledge
Patterns and TrendsProblem of illiteracyLiteracy is measured as a scale that reflects an individual’s ability to understand, evaluate, and engage with written texts to participate in societyCurrently 17% of Americans possess only the most basic levels of literacyScores on numeracy tests are even lowerEstimates are <43% of high school graduates are “college or career ready”
Cross Cultural Variation in EducationWhat is education? What ought education be?The United States has more than 140,000 schools, 4.6 million primary and secondary school teachers and college faculty, 5.4 million administrators and support staff, and 75.9 million students.There are 776 million illiterate adults around the world, and 100 million children have little or no access to schools.
Cross Cultural Variation in Education Education at a Glance, a publication of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), reports education statistics on over 35 countries.First, in general, educational levels are rising.Second, there is a clear link between education and income, and between education and employment.Third, across all OECD-participating countries, an average of $9,195 is spent per student each year they are in school from elementary school to college.Fourth, in reference to teachers, the average student-teacher ratio in elementary schools in OECD-participating countries is 22:1.Fifth, educational attainment is increasing Worldwide.
Achievement Gaps Standardized tests reveal score gaps based on race, class, ethnicity, gender, and other social characteristicsFederal Education Policies intended to reduce gaps: Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965The primary piece of federal legislation concerned K-12 education in the U.S.No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB)Established a range of reforms mandating uniform standards for all students with the aim of reducing and eventually eliminating the social class and race achievement gay by 2014 President Barack Obama’s Race to the Top (RTT)Goal of aiding states with various components of NCLB by offering grants to states to improve student outcomes and close achievement gapsFunding$773 per student to $19,235 per studentWest Virginia vs. NOVA vs. New Jersey
The New Educational StandardBachelor’s degree is becoming the education standard in the U.S.
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