BYZANTINE - BYZANTINE MATERIALS Brick Stone marble Timber...

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BYZANTINE MATERIALS Brick Stone: marble Timber Metals: iron, lead, bronze Mosaic STRUCTURAL SYSTEMS Dome: on Squinch arches In four corners or square base Created octagon Enabled construction of circular drum to support dome Problems Lot of material Labor intensive Drum before dome Pedentives Height = half the span Converted square into circle Arches on all four sides Shallow dome or high dome on a drum Allows windows in domes (stability) False domes Built on top of actual, shallow dome Supported by wood frame Covered with lead JOINTS/CONNECTIONS Mortar Thick mortar More surface than brick itself Weak DEVELOPMENT OF ARCHITECTURAL STYLE/CONSTRUCTION METHODS Domical churches and mosques Square cross: central plan NATURAL LIGHTING SYSTEMS Windows in dome EXAMPLE OF BUILDINGS Hagia Sophia Eastern Orthodox Church built for Rome
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Domical Non hemispherical Lighter Emperor Justinian “Solomon, I have outdone you” Wanted to be most important builder in history Killed people
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This note was uploaded on 03/30/2008 for the course COSC 153 taught by Professor Peterson during the Spring '08 term at Texas A&M.

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BYZANTINE - BYZANTINE MATERIALS Brick Stone marble Timber...

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