05-Torts - Torts CHAPTER OUTLINE I THE BASIS OF TORT LAW...

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Torts C HAPTER  O UTLINE I. THE BASIS OF TORT LAW Tort law compensates those who suffer a loss or injury due to another’s wrongful act.  A. T HE  P URPOSE   OF  T ORT  L AW Tort law  provides  a remedy  for acts causing  physical injury  or interfering  with  physical  security  and   freedom  of movement, for acts causing  destruction  or damage  to property, and  for the invasion  of pro - tected  interests in such  things  as personal  privacy, family relations, reputa tion, and  dignity.   A trot ac- tion is a civil suit, although  some acts are both torts and  crimes. B. C LASSIFICATION   OF  T ORTS The classification of a tort can be based  on how  it occurs and  other circumstances. II. INTENTIONAL TORTS AGAINST PERSONS Intentional  torts involve acts that  were  intended  or could  be expected  to bring  about  consequences that  are  the basis of the tort.  A tortfeasor (one committing  a tort) must  intend  to commit an act, the consequences of  which interfere with the personal or business interests of another in a way not permitted  by law. A. A SSAULT   AND  B ATTERY 1. Assault Assault  is an  intentional  act  that  creates  in  another  person  a  reasonable  appre hension  or  fear  of  immediate harmful or offensive contact. 2. Battery Battery  is an intentional  and  harmful  or offensive physical contact.  Physical injury need  not occur.  The reasonable person  standard  determines whether  the conduct is offensive. 3. Compensation A plaintiff may be compensated  for emotional harm  or loss of reputation  resulting from a battery, as  well as for physical harm. 4. Defenses  to Assault and Battery a. Consent When  a person  consents to an act that damages  him  or her, there is generally no liability for the  damage. 1
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b. Self-Defense An individual who is defending  his or her life or physical well-being can claim self-defense. c. Defense  of Others An  individual  can  act  in  a reasonable  manner  to  protect  others  who  are  in  real  or  apparent   danger. d. Defense  of Property Reasonable  force may  be used  in  attempting  to  remove  intruders  from  one’s home,  although   force  that  is  likely  to  cause  death  or  great  bodily  injury  can  never  be  used  just  to  protect  property. B. F ALSE  I MPRISONMENT 1. What False Imprisonment Is  The intentional  confinement  or restraint  of another  person  without  justification.   The confinement   can be accomplished  through  the  use  of physical barriers, physical restraint,  or threats  of physical  force.
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