MUNM 3613:900 Spring 2019 EXAM 2 STUDY GUIDE FORMAT : Listening w/ 4 excerpts (questions on instrumentation, genre, rhythmic mode / iqa, context, singer, etc); matching; multiple choice questions; 1 term/concept to write about (one long paragraph). Terms in parentheses are not discussed in the textbook but were covered in class lectures and/or powerpoints. MATERIAL COVERED MAQAM(AT): Middle Eastern melodic modes Chapter 2, powerpoint on maqam Know basic info about the following terms/concepts (essentially, know what they mean): Maqam: definition; how is it created? -A collection of notes taken from 24 notes that exist within the octave -Not a tune or song but provides materials for songs and instrumental pieces -Varies depending on region -Each has melodic movies that are characteristic of the particular maqam and each has its own starting and ending note. -Total number of 70-120 Different maquam in different regions -used by both Arabic and Turkish musician - mugam (Cascus), Makom (uze), dastagh (iran) Maqam Rast versus C major scale Western CDEFGABc vs Rast CDE-half-flat FGAB-half-flat c Function/Importance of the maqam -Maqam are used by the Arabic musicians to build melodies -Each maquam has its own emotional quality Smallest interval in Middle Eastern Music (versus Western music) -quarter-step -in middle east music, the half step is further subdivided into two quarter steps -additional note between E n F Maqamat and Emotions -maqamat (plural of maqam) each have its own emotional quality -used to build melodies -all maqamat hetatonic (7 notes) – most common Rast -The emotion and state of mind projected during a performance is very closely related with the chosen maqam. Arab audiences associate particular maqamat with particular emotion
PEARL DIVING SONGS “Pearl diving songs” reading (posted on canvas<modules<readings) and the related powerpoint Know basic info about the following terms/concepts: Pearl diving profession (when/where?) Dates back to 3000bc in the upper gulf seacoast (Bahrain, Kuwait & Qatar/ certain parts in Saudi)- Arabian Peninsula. Historic music tradition. Origins of pearl diving (how long? Be specific) Dates back to 3000 BC and earliest detailed description is from 1332. 90% of men were involved primarily with the pearling industry. Bahrain Was the center of the diving industry- 90% of men involved? Oldest history and largest fleet. Nahham singer: role and importance -performer of midaf -solo leading male singer -free, non-metered, without drum Themes of lyrics -courage, fantasy and agony – sung on fishing boats, lighten labor, synchronize Musical style (drones, rising melodic gestures etc and what they symbolize) -oar -free, non-metered without drums -performed by nathan and choir of working men who provide the drone (groans) -drones symbolize the sound of the sea, what a diver hears in the depth of the sea -the rising melodic gestures/shouts may symbolize the sound of the wave, but actually correspond to the short moment of rest between two pullings (group release) JIB
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- Spring '14
- Arabic music, Arabic pop music