Crusades - For the Holy Land and For the Savior! By year...

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For the Holy Land and For the Savior! By year 1095, the whole of Europe had seen the days of the barbarian invasions and the fall of the Roman empire. This was a new Europe, it wasn't just out of the fires but it was still hot and impressionable. By this time, England was under the rule of a single throne through the Battle of Hastings in 1066, Italy was under a union of city states, and France was still teaming with brothers and cousins in a power struggle for territory and wealth. The continent also now held a common ground: Christianity. The Pope was the highest of authorities and held the direct link to heaven. But there was a new threat, one that had been building for the past few centuries. It was not only a threat to Europe, but a threat to Christianity; it was the Muslims. The Byzantine empire, ruled by Emperor Alexius, was at the border to the land of Muhammad and was the stepping stone to the East. It was here that tensions were building. Alexius was extremely concerned and felt threatened that his land would be overrun by the Turks. He expressed these concerns and worries along with the atrocities that were taking place against pilgrims in the holy city of Jerusalem to his friend the Count of Flanders in 1093. It was then that the Count brought the letter to the Pope, Urban II, and spoke of his friends worries. Pope
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Urban II used this information as a call to bring up arms and defend the Holy Land and all of Christendom against the marauding Turks and muslim fighters. This thus began the Crusades. Upon the announcement of the First Crusade many took up arms, from noblemen seeking to gain fame and fortune, to mere foot soldiers looking to increase the standing within society. Not only was it a fight to save the Holy Land, but to gain the lords favor and grace. Among the men who joined service were some of the heroes of the time. Men like Godfrey, Baldwin and Eustace of Buillon, descendants of the fabled Charlemagne. Hugh the Great and Raymond the IV. The son of William the Conqueror, Robert, the Duke of Normandy also took arms for the service of Christianity. The Crusaders arrived in Constantinople in the earlier part of 1097. Emperor Alexius didn't trust the Crusaders and felt threatened by the armies. He called that each of the leaders pledge an oath of allegiance to him and then he would transport the army over the Bosphorous river to Anatolia, the doorstep of Arabia. The first to arrive was Hugh and he obliged to the request of Alexius. However, the next to reach the Byzantine Empire was Godfrey and his brother Baldwin, and Godfrey refused to take an oath. Consequently, Alexius shut off supplies to Godfrey and his men, which only resulted in the crusaders pillaging and attacking surrounding areas. Grudgingly Alexius began to send supplies, but as Bohemond and his army
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approached he again refused to provide stores to Godfrey. This then resulted in an all out attack on the city of Constantinople itself. Alexius sent out his armies and
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Crusades - For the Holy Land and For the Savior! By year...

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