Hist TERMS

Hist TERMS - Stalingrad Battle between Germany and its...

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Stalingrad- Battle between Germany and its allies and the Soviet Union for the city of Stalingrad from August 21, 1942 to February 2, 1943. Considered the turning point of World War II and had over 1.5 million casualties, both civilian and military. Due to the harsh winters in Russia, the Soviets were able to defeat Hitler’s Wehrmacht. D-Day- June 6, 1944, the day in which the Battle of Normandy began, started the Allies effort to liberate Europe from Nazi Germany. On this day Allied land forces from Canada, USA and Great Britain, with other allied countries supporting in naval and air forces, crossed the English Channel to Normandy. This battle lasted for months and ended with the liberation of Paris in August 1944. Battle of the Bulge- Christmas 1944; massive German counterattack on Allied troops in Luxembourg and Belguim; Allies could not use air forces due to inclement weather- it appeared as if Germans might advance again, but by March 7, 1945 Allies had secured a way across the Rhine Battle of Berlin- One of the final battles of WWII, in which 2 massive Soviet troops attacked Berlin from the east and south while another attacked the German troops north of Berlin. Lasted from late April 1945 until early May 1945, during which Hitler and many of his followers committed suicide. The city surrendered on May 2 nd , but fighting continued until May 8th, the end of World War II in Europe. Miracle Weapons Blitzkrieg- (“Lightning War“) Because of Germany’s insufficient resources, Hitler decided that, instead of shifting the economy to production of war goods, he would simply stockpile enough supplies and weapons for one decisive attack against a surprised enemy. By doing this, he thought that he could win his immediate objectives, capture enough supplies from his enemies to make up for his losses, and spare the German civilians from the pains of a war economy. Germany’s attack plan depended on speed, and he was, therefore, not equipped for an extended war. “Phony War”- a period of waiting in which Hitler’s plans for action in the west were delayed due to the onset of autumn, and during which the French and British troops lost whatever fighting edge they might have had, and discussed possible offensive strategies of blockades. Quisling – Fascist Leader of Norway after Germans capture. Hitler wanted Norway for the Swedish iron-ore resource, As Germans attack, both Norwegian and Allied troops defend, but allies withdraw, leaving Germany victorious. Quisling, being a socialist, was referred to as a traitor. Maginot Line- Sophisticated fortification along the French-German border. Contained series of pill-boxes, underground railroads, hospitals, anti-tank fortification and machine guns and arms, but stops halfway up the South-Eastern border. France was expecting another attack like the Schleiffen Plan, however, German Generals first decided to go through the Northern European planes. The rivers and bridges made this difficult, so they changed their plans to go through the
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This note was uploaded on 03/30/2008 for the course HIST 159 taught by Professor Burns during the Spring '06 term at UNC.

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Hist TERMS - Stalingrad Battle between Germany and its...

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