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View Full Document Right Arrow Icon The statistics discussed here come from two prevalence studies that estimate how many South Africans have HIV, and two reports on AIDS deaths. Viewed together these sources give an idea of the scale of South Africa's HIV epidemic. If you are looking for statistics from elsewhere, try our statistics index . The first section is based on the report of the Department of Health "National HIV and Syphilis Sero-prevalence Survey in South Africa 2006", published in 2007. This is the 17th in a series of annual studies which look at data from antenatal clinics and use it to estimate HIV prevalence amongst pregnant women. The second section is based on the report of the "South African National HIV Prevalence, HIV Incidence, Behaviour and Communiaction Survey, 2005". In this survey, a sample of people were chosen to represent the general population, 55% of whom agreed to give a blood sample to be anonymously tested for HIV. The report contains estimates of HIV prevalence in various groups of people, derived from this general population sample. Seen together, the two prevalence studies provide a clearer picture of the South African epidemic than either of them viewed alone. The third section looks at AIDS-related deaths using data from death certificates. Three reports published by Statistics South Africa contain the raw data, while the article "Identifying deaths from AIDS in South Africa" analyses a large sample of death certificates and attempts to estimate how many deaths caused by HIV have been misclassified. The page goes on to compare the two types of prevalence study and to draw conclusions. The South African Department of Health Study, 2006 Based on its sample of 33,033 women attending 1,415 antenatal clinics across all nine provinces, the South African Department of Health Study estimates that 29.1% of pregnant women were living with HIV in 2006. The provinces that recorded the highest HIV rates were KwaZulu- Natal, Mpumalanga and Free State. Until 1998 South Africa had one of the fastest expanding epidemics in the world, but HIV prevalence now appears to have stabilized, and may even be declining slightly. Among teenage girls, the rate fell from 15.9% in the 2005 survey to 13.7% in 2006, possibly indicating a drop in the rate of new infections. Nevertheless it should be noted that the 2006 study involved twice as many women as previous surveys, and samples were collected from more than three times as many clinics; this rather major change in the study population may have influenced the results, as the newly included clinics may have been located in areas with lower HIV prevalence. More historical prevalence figures can be found in our AIDS in South Africa page.
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Estimated HIV prevalence among antenatal clinic attendees, by province Province 2001 prevalence % 2002 prevalence % 2003 prevalence % 2004 prevalence % 2005 prevalence % 2006 prevalence % KwaZulu- Natal 33.5 36.5 37.5 40.7 39.1 39.1 Mpumalanga 29.2 28.6
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