Computer Security PART C.docx - COMPUTER SECURITY POLICIES In a way they are the regulatory of the behaviours of your employees towards the use of


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COMPUTER SECURITY - POLICIES In a way they are the regulatory of the behaviours of your employees towards the use of technology in the workplace, that can minimize the risk of being hacked, information leak, internet bad usage and it also ensures safeguarding of company resources. In real life you will notice the employees of your organization will always tend to click on bad or virus infected URL’s or email attachments with viruses. Role of the Security Policy in Setting up Protocols Following are some pointers which help in setting u protocols for the security policy of an organization. Who should have access to the system? How it should be configured? How to communicate with third parties or systems? Policies are divided in two categories − User policies IT policies. User policies generally define the limit of the users towards the computer resources in a workplace. For example, what are they allowed to install in their computer, if they can use removable storages. Whereas, IT policies are designed for IT department, to secure the procedures and functions of IT fields. General Policies − This is the policy which defines the rights of the staff and access level to the systems. Generally, it is included even in the communication protocol as a preventive measure in case there are any disasters. Server Policies − This defines who should have access to the specific server and with what rights. Which software’s should be installed, level of access to internet, how they should be updated. Firewall Access and Configuration Policies − It defines who should have access to the firewall and what type of access, like monitoring, rules change. Which ports and services should be allowed and if it should be inbound or outbound. Backup Policies − It defines who is the responsible person for backup, what should be the backup, where it should be backed up, how long it should be kept and the frequency of the backup. 1
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VPN Policies − These policies generally go with the firewall policy, it defines those users who should have a VPN access and with what rights. For site-to-site connections with partners, it defines the access level of the partner to your network, type of encryption to be set. Structure of a Security Policy When you compile a security policy you should have in mind a basic structure in order to make something practical. Some of the main points which have to be taken into consideration are − Description of the Policy and what is the usage for? Where this policy should be applied? Functions and responsibilities of the employees that are affected by this policy. Procedures that are involved in this policy. Consequences if the policy is not compatible with company standards.
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