Columbian Exchange Paper.docx - 1 Natalie Carroll Professor...

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1 Natalie Carroll Professor DiNello HIS 121 March 4, 2019 How The Columbian Exchange Affected The Native Americans Some people believe that the most significant change in human history began when the Industrial Revolution took place or perhaps when the Internet was invented. However, I believe the most important, significant, and simultaneously the most devastating and valuable event or change to take place during human history was the Columbian Exchange. This change was brought about over several decades and some argue that the effects of it are still seen today. The Columbian Exchange affected practically every person across the globe. From the continents of the Old World (Asia, Europe, and Africa), to the continents of the New World (North and South America), people of every race were either helped by the Columbian Exchange or were destroyed by it. I will focus on mainly the devastating effects that the Exchange had on one certain population: the Native Americans. These peoples were certainly helped by the Columbian Exchange, however, they would experience most of the destructive effects of it. The Native Americans faced many obstacles once the Europeans arrived to the Americas, including the European settlers themselves. From the Old World, the Europeans brought with them unfamiliar plant and animal species and most importantly, devastating plagues or diseases. Although new plant and animal species aided the Native Americans to an extant, the diseases brought by the Europeans would change their lives for the worst.
2 What exactly was the Columbian Exchange? The Columbian Exchange was an event characterized by the movement of animals, plants, humans, and diseases from the Old World to the New World and from the New World to the Old World that occurred shortly after Christopher Columbus discovered the Americas. This transfer occurred over several decades and has proved to be the most important turning point in human history. Of course, there were transfers of the

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