LEC FINAL PRJ.docx - \u201cNeurosciences in Business\u201d Neurosciences in Leadership Course Leadership Ethics Change Submitted by Tariq Amir Larik(ID 20279

LEC FINAL PRJ.docx - u201cNeurosciences in Businessu201d...

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4/23/2019 Neurosciences in Business” Neurosciences in Leadership Course: Leadership Ethics & Change Submitted by: Tariq Amir Larik (ID # 20279) Submitted to: Sir Shiraz Ahmed
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1 April 23, 2019 NEUROSCIENCE AND LEADERSHIP Neuroscience is defined as a study of the nervous system behind biological processes that occur in the brain when a human thinks or acts. Applied neuroscience research is believed to be an effective solution to help the transformation of people and organization because the brain is the master of control that integrates the entire body system including the main components of heart and gut. The leader is also a master of control within the organization. A leader can control other people's brains by managing their own brains, thus the followers’ brains can tune-in with the leader's brain. When the brain of leader and followers are aligned, the leader and followers will synergize effectively to achieve the shared goals (Swart, Chisholm, & Brown, 2015) . The most valuable kind of leadership behavior, Transformational Leadership has attracted the attention of many scholars in the field of neurology as the intermediary of social and organizational reform (Bass, 1985) . This kind of leadership emphasizes how exceptionally effective leaders interact with followers in a manner that inspires them to higher levels of performance and commitment to their organizations. And in this way leaders can interact well with employees (Bass, B. M. & Bass, R., 2009) . This interaction is mainly realized through building strong beliefs, values and vision of communication. Besides, leaders will express individual consideration about employees’ development needs and encourage them to think creatively in problem-solving by intellectual stimulation (Bass & Avolio, 1994) . Neurological Leadership Research on Individual Differences of Transformational Leadership Research on individual differences of Transformational Leadership can be categorized into two types. This paper will introduce it in this chapter. Theoretical Model The most asked question in theoretical construction of neurological leadership is: between leadership behavior and brain activity, which one is antecedent variable and which one is consequence variable? After a systematic literature review, the writer finds that brain activity may be antecedent variable of leadership behavior while certain behavior or stimulation may also
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2 April 23, 2019 lead to some form of brain activity. Waldman et al. (2011) summarized the theoretical development of neurological leadership, sorting out two types of causality model ( Figure 1 ) (Waldman, Balthazard, & Peterson, 2011). The research based on model 1 explains cerebral basis of different leadership behavior through imaging brain activity in its resting state. It assumes that there are lasting and stable brain activity or structure. This kind of research is actually trait-based research of leadership; On the other hand, the research based on model 2 explains the impact of
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