Notes from class - Classics 211 The Greek Experience Jeremy...

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Unformatted text preview: Classics 211 The Greek Experience Jeremy Kaller Lecture 1 - 8/25 Never trust the words of a poet. Homer begins by saying that Odysseus lost his men through no fault of his own on the island of the sun where they ate the cattle of the sun god....however, Odysseus lost most of his men before they even got to this island and most of it was his fault. Truth- trust (a)letheia- that which does not escape you god- energy (that which moves) Where does the name for Greeks come from? Romans called them: Graeci Greeks originally called themselves: Achaeans/Akhaians ---these are the Greeks of the Bronze Age (1200 B.C.-800 B.C.) They later called themselves: Hellenes Later writers (from 5 th A.D.) called them: Romaioi Hellas polis- city Aristotle- man is by nature a city-dwelling being city dwelling- a part of the city, a citizen- you identify yourself with a particular city. Greeks considered anyone who did not speak their language as barbarians Barbaros- someone who speaks unintelligibly Celts- a non city-dwelling people of Ancient Greece (now we'd find them in: Ireland, Scotland, Wales, Cornwall). The Celts would travel and trash cities as they encountered them. However, they were high-tech nomads- they had the best bronze weapons, etc... civitas- civilized people who live in the city. Almost everything we know about ancient greece comes from the romans. Physis- begetting When they found a place they liked they set up a colony there. Some colonies in Europe: Neapolis (Napoli), Messalia (Mersailes), Alexandria... One of the earliest memories is a war in which all the cities came together to fight on the shores of what is now Turkey -> Troy This war was Greece vs. Troia. It all started over a woman named Helen. She was married to Menelaus. Lecture 2 8/28 True knowledge begins in 1600 B.C. (late neolithic) Michael Ventris- in 1953 discovered that the Greeks were there before 1000....he discovered their writing. 1600 B.C. - when we first encounter the Greeks, they are just starting the Bronze Age. Need tin and copper for bronzed ( only major european source for tin is cornwall). Bronze Age starts in Northern Europe first. Mycenae was the first major city of Greece (it had walls, buildings, and structures of enormous size). (Pelopo)nesus- island of Pelops Tantalus ( Son of Zeus, King of Lydia- he tried to offer Pelops to the Gods- he was punished and sent to the Pelops underworld) (King of Sparta) Tyndareus Atreus Thyestes Agamemnon-Clytemnestra Helen-Menelaus children daughter Aegisthus Orestes Paris/Alexander Atreus and Thyestes were rivals for power. The Golden Fleece was a symbol of power. Atreus won it and became king and Thyestes goes to live in the countryside peacefully for a while until Atreus discovered that his wife has been cheating on him with Thyestes. Atreus begins to wonder if his children are really his. Atreus serves Thyestes his own children for dinner....
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Notes from class - Classics 211 The Greek Experience Jeremy...

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