Great Sphinx of Giza .docx - The Sphinx of Giza Great...

This preview shows page 1 - 2 out of 4 pages.

The Sphinx of GizaGreat Sphinx of Giza is a colossal 4,500-year-old limestone statue of a recumbent sphinx situatednear the Great Pyramid in Giza, Egypt. The Great Sphinx was carved from a single piece oflimestone, and pigment residue suggests that the entire Sphinx was painted. According to someestimates, it would have taken about three years for 100 workers, using stone hammers andcopper chisels, to finish the statue. It is among the world’s largest ancient sculptures, measuringsome 240 feet long (almost as long as a Football field) and 70 feet high (as tall as the WhiteHouse). A sphinx (or sphynx) is a creature with the body of a lion and the head of a human, withsome variations. The sphinx is a prominent mythological figure in Egyptian and Greekmythology. The Sphinx differs from other deities in that it has an animal body and a human head,whereas most other deities have human bodies and animal heads. This comes from it being apictorial representative of the pharos having the strength of a lion and the wisdom of man. Inancient Egypt, the sphinx was a spiritual guardian and most often depicted as a male with apharaoh headdress as is the Great Sphinx and figures of the creatures were often included intomb and temple complexes. For instance, the Sphinx Alley in Upper Egypt is a two-mile avenuethat connects the temples of Luxor and Karnak and is lined with sphinx statues. Sphinxes withthe likeness of the female pharaoh Hatshepsut also exist, such as the granite sphinx statue at theMetropolitan Museum of Art in New York and the large alabaster sphinx at the Ramessid templein Memphis, Egypt.The most common and widely accepted theory suggests that the Great

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

End of preview. Want to read all 4 pages?

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Term
Fall
Professor
NoProfessor
Tags
Ancient Egypt, Great Sphinx of Giza, Sphinx of Giza, Djedefre, sphinx temple, Great Sphinx and temple complex

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture