Psych Notes weeks 6-10.docx - Psych Notes(After the Midterm...

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Psych Notes (After the Midterm) Chapter Thirteen – Physical & Cognitive Development in Early Adulthood The Transition from Adolescence to Adulthood o Becoming an adult Emerging adulthood: Transition from adolescence to adulthood Occurs from approximately 18 to 25 years of age Characterized by experimentation and exploration Key features Identity exploration, especially in love and work – finding career path Instability, self-focused, and feeling in-between o Might be financially dependent on parents still o Person might move many times o Might switch from one job to another or one relationship to another o Do not consider themselves adults, but feel more responsible than adolescents The age of possibilities, a time when individuals have an opportunity to transform their lives o Enter with a positive attitude o Feel optimistic about future o Desire to alter any negative experiences from the past o More room for mistakes – mistakes can be altered Going back to school and starting a more stable career Suggestions for helping adolescents become more mature on their way to adulthood Provide them with opportunities to be contributors Give candid, quality feedback to adolescents o Positive feedback is more likely to be effective than negative feedback Create positive adult connections with adolescents Challenge adolescents to become more competent o Holding a job o Excelling in school Markers of becoming an adult Holding a full-time job Economic independence Taking responsibility for oneself o The transition from high school to college
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Top-dog phenomenon: adjusting to being a freshman in college after being a senior in high school more expectations Movement to a larger school structure Increased focus on achievement and assessment Several positive features Physical Development o Physical performance and development Peak physical performance typically occurs between 19 and 26 Growth rate slows Muscle tone and strength usually begin to show signs of decline around age 30 Healthy lifestyle is better o Health Emerging adults have twice the mortality rate of adolescents Few chronic health problems Fewer colds & respiratory issues Increase in bad health habits Positive health behavior equals positive life satisfaction o Eating & weight Obesity Factors involved in obesity: o heredity o environmental factors o dieting o Regular exercise – 30 mins recommended a day Helps prevent chronic disorders Aerobic exercise: Sustained exercise that stimulates heart and lung activity Exercise benefits both physical and mental health Higher self esteem Dopamine produced More productive if you feel better about yourself Strategies Pay attention to food intake Incorporate exercise into our daily lives Reduce screen time Chart your progress Get rid of excuses Imagine the alternative o Substance abuse
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  • Spring '18
  • Middle Adulthood, partner,  Growth rate

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