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notes (compatible) - Jeremy Kaller English 202 A...

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Jeremy Kaller English 202 A Description of the Morning by Jonathan Swift -an urban poem, but the title implies a country poem. -gorgeous symmetry of rhyming couplets is in some ways a lie. -hackney coach: rich were out partying, and are only returning now. -Alludes to Iliad: -but talks of Betty rumpling her sheets, not of Aurora (Betty should not have been in her Master’s bed- she messes up her own bed to lie about orderliness of household). -Slipshod prentice- sprinkles water to keep down dust, and Aurora who sprinkles dew. -Moll only cleans (or appears to clean) the public areas of the house. -the youth is looking for nails from the carriage in the sewer edge (kennel-edge). -chimney sweep is hawking his wares and the coal-man sells coal. -Endless cycle of coal- making soot, getting clean, buying coal… -Duns- bill collectors, hanging around door-step to get money from Lord. -brick dust (from crumbling, dirty buildings) used to scour knives. -Turnkey- jailer, he lets out thieves, they come back in the morning. -Watchful bailiffs- night watch, finally shows up. -finally continues in next generation with the “lagging schoolboys.” -Addison wrote an extra Spectator to discuss wit. -3 types of wit: true wit, false wit, and mixed wit. -wit was like patriotism is now- a term that is in conflict in a society. -Addison was trying to edge wit away from historical definitions of wit. -wants to wrench wit away from v. idiosyncratic, word play; v. cognitive concept. -classic wit- comparing myself and my love to the legs of a compass (Donne). -p.2481, Spectator #62 (important quotations to go w/ notes are underlined in the book) -Addison begins with John Locke -Locke makes a different judgment/description about the difference between wit and judgment. -begins to focus more on difference, compared to false wit of comparing/finding alike to seemingly unalike things. -“the common observation Men who have a great deal of wit and memory…” -Locke is trying to pull in common observation- making fun of another’s belief can help clarify belief. -“For wit lying in the assemblage of ideas…” -he was separating ideas, good philosophy- avoid being mislead, less interested at this time in finding little similarities than in finding little differences. -allusion- referring to someone else’s work. -striking lively on someone’s fancy- most philosophical concept of wit according to Addison. -Locke’s definition of wit and judgment is self-serving, according to Locke’s definition of judgment, by showing the difference between wit and judgment, he is showing good judgment. -true wit- separating slight differences. -some things that rub modern individuals the wrong way: the tendency to talk of rules and laws of art, drama, etc. -try to sound neo-classical; wanted to sound like Aristotle, so talk of rules and laws. -bottom of p.2482 “Out of the innumerable categories of mixed wit…” -paraphrasing Cowley’s use of flame and passion comparison- witticisms, little joking, bringing together of ideas.
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