Running head: APPLICATION OF STATISTICS IN HEALTH CARE 1 Application of Statistics in Health Care Katherine Knipp Grand Canyon University – Applied Statistics for Health Care Professionals April 21, 2019
APPLICATION OF STATISTICS IN HEALTH CARE 2 Application of Statistics in Healthcare Health statistics is the study of human health and disease processes. Health statistics are numeric information about some facet of health. Researchers use these statistics to see patterns of diseases within a population. This information can then help in determining out who is at risk for diseases, finding ways to control disease and in deciding which diseases should be studied (National Institute of Health, 2019-a). The data collected from both observation and numeric measurement enable healthcare decision-makers to plan and implement policies that benefit patients and the organization. The development of new medicine begins with statistical analysis. Data are collected and analyzed during clinical trials to weigh products benefits and risks. Quality Statistics are essential to health care organizations when measuring performance successes and failures. By creating standards of service excellence based on statistical data, quality improvement managers can measure future outcomes. Evidence-based medicine (EBM) is "the conscientious, explicit, judicious and reasonable use of modern, best evidence in making decisions about the care of individual patients" (National Institute of Health, n.d., para.1). EBM policies are crucial to deciding how best to provide health care and promote health within a population and are derived from statistical data. For quality improvement to be meaningful it must be data-driven: If it cannot be measured, improvements cannot be made. Safety Statistics play a critical role in the area of patient safety. According to The Center for Patient Safety (n.d.), each year approximately 2 million new hospital-acquired infections resulting in nearly 100,000 deaths (Bernazzani, 2018). Additionally, the financial costs
APPLICATION OF STATISTICS IN HEALTH CARE 3 associated with patient safety issues are close to $20 billion. In reducing preventable harm,
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- Epidemiology, National institute of Health