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Unformatted text preview: Jeremy Kaller English 202 Notes (Part 2) yThe Romantic Period-Increased interest in nature- just representation of general nature (Johnson).-Sonnet revival in the late 18 th , early 19 th centuries.-People of this time still read Johnson, Pope, etc-William Blake mocks Popes style in journal.-Keats also criticizes Popes writing.- Enjambment- lines of poetry run into each other, little punctuation, open couplets. William Blake- Songs of Innocence and Songs of Experience-childrens poems to raise rebellious revolutionaries.-when reading, watch for change of speaker (few quotation marks).-In poems in Songs of Innocence, childrens requests or questions meet with immediately reciprocating replies: innocence represented as a world in which generous responses are always available, in which give-and-take between child and the world is mutual, and the child is not merely subject to others wishes.-Camouflaging- doesnt boil down moral complexities like most childrens books of the time.-doesnt tell the child what to think.-some technical matters:-how do the copies of songs of innocence and songs of experience differ from each other?-each copy is hand-designed, printed and colored by the author (some w/ help from his wife).-after 1794, Songs of Experience issued only as part of combined volume, Songs of Innocence and of Experience.-different ways the volume ended in different copies.-come very basic premises of Blakes vision of God, human life, and eternity:-reality is essentially mental or spiritual.-the world we perceive through the senses is a limited, blinkered aspect of the eternal world.-bondage of earth in Earths Answer; Tirzah = mortal part, bodily materiality, Generation.-an infinite divine spirit (the source of all existence) is manifested in each person from within as the poetic genius.-Blake identifies Christ with the poetic genius in each person: human virtues are expression of the divine in us.-myth of descent of the soul: our souls have a pre-existence: at birth we put on garment of materiel body; Jeremy Kaller English 202 Notes (Part 2)-at death we return to our former eternal home (as in Wordsworths Ode: Intimations of Immortality ). Songs of Innocence The Chimney Sweeper-2 sweepers- one young and inexperienced, one older.-older comforts Tom after head shaved.-so if all do their duty, they need not fear harm- do the best they can w/ cold comfort. Comparing Isaac Wattss Cradle Hymn with Blakes A Cradle Song-Wattss babe is completely dependent, will sing only after death; Blakes child protected by his own dreams.-Wattss babe instructed to trust + fear god; Blakes infant is already like god, childs smiling face= Gods holy image. Infant Joy-relation of text to plate....
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