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notes (part 2) (compatible)

notes (part 2) (compatible) - Jeremy Kaller English 202...

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Jeremy Kaller English 202 Notes (Part 2) yThe Romantic Period -Increased interest in nature- “just representation of general nature” (Johnson). -Sonnet revival in the late 18 th , early 19 th centuries. -People of this time still read Johnson, Pope, etc… -William Blake mocks Pope’s style in journal. -Keats also criticizes Pope’s writing. - Enjambment - lines of poetry run into each other, little punctuation, open couplets. William Blake- Songs of Innocence and Songs of Experience -children’s poems to raise rebellious revolutionaries. -when reading, watch for change of speaker (few quotation marks). -In poems in Songs of Innocence, children’s requests or questions meet with immediately reciprocating replies: innocence represented as a world in which generous responses are always available, in which give-and-take between child and the world is mutual, and the child is not merely subject to others’ wishes. -Camouflaging- doesn’t boil down moral complexities like most children’s books of the time. -doesn’t tell the child what to think. -some technical matters: -how do the copies of songs of innocence and songs of experience differ from each other? -each copy is hand-designed, printed and colored by the author (some w/ help from his wife). -after 1794, Songs of Experience issued only as part of combined volume, Songs of Innocence and of Experience. -different ways the volume ended in different copies. -come very basic premises of Blake’s vision of God, human life, and eternity: -reality is essentially mental or spiritual. -the world we perceive through the senses is a limited, blinkered aspect of the eternal world. -bondage of earth in “Earth’s Answer”; Tirzah = “mortal part,” bodily materiality, “Generation.” -an infinite divine spirit (the source of all existence) is manifested in each person from within as the “poetic genius.” -Blake identifies Christ with the poetic genius in each person: human virtues are expression of the divine in us. -myth of “descent of the soul”: our souls have a pre-existence: at birth we put on garment of materiel body;
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Jeremy Kaller English 202 Notes (Part 2) -at death we return to our former eternal home (as in Wordsworth’s Ode: Intimations of Immortality ). Songs of Innocence The Chimney Sweeper -2 sweepers- one young and inexperienced, one older. -older comforts Tom after head shaved. -“so if all do their duty, they need not fear harm”- do the best they can w/ cold comfort. Comparing Isaac Watts’s Cradle Hymn with Blake’s A Cradle Song -Watts’s “babe” is completely dependent, will “sing” only after death; Blake’s child protected by his own dreams. -Watts’s babe instructed to trust + fear god; Blake’s infant is already like god, child’s smiling face= God’s “holy image.” Infant Joy -relation of text to plate.
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notes (part 2) (compatible) - Jeremy Kaller English 202...

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